Thunbergia fragrans (Chimine) in Talakona forest, AP W IMG 8508.jpg 481 × 600; 136 KB Thunbergia fragrans 01.JPG 3,076 × 1,924; 1.11 MB Thunbergia fragrans 02.JPG 3,648 × 2,600; 1.74 MB In: Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden, 85 1-246. Within its native distribution range (i.e., India and China), T. fragrans grows in thickets, forest borders, roadsides and scrub jungles from 400-2300 m (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; India Biodiversity, 2014). http://keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/03030800-0b07-490a-8d04-0605030c0f01/media/Html/Index.htm, Randall RP, 2012. Negative: On Sep 27, 2010, eliasastro from Athens, Greece (Zone 10a) wrote: Very fast growing, it covers everything on it's way and looks weedy. Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. Invasive alien species in Japan: the status quo and new regulations for prevention of their adverse effects. 860 pp. DOI:10.1111/j.1366-9516.2004.00059.x. Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, 1124 pp. Thunbergia is a genus of flowering plants native to tropical regions of Africa, Madagascar and southern Asia.. Its members are known by various names, including Thunbergias and Clockvine. The risk of introduction of T. fragrans is very high. New York, USA: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 1104 pp. General Information Black-eyed Susan is a climbing, perennial plant producing one or more annual stems from a woody rootstock. fragrans, Thunbergia grandiflora Roxb., Thunbergia hossei Clarke, Thunbergia laurifolia Lindl., Thunbergia similis Craib, Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. T. fragrans is easily propagated by seeds, which it produces abundantly in its native range and in the tropical countries of introduction (Meyer and Lavergne, 2004). 1), 22-96. Western Australia: Prohibited - on the prohibited species list and not permitted entry into the state. Daniel TF, 2010. Flora of China. Molecular phylogenetics and morphological evolution of Thunbergioideae (Acanthaceae). Contributions from the University of Michigan Herbarium. Stems cylindrical, striate, slender, puberulous. hainanensis (C.Y. Flora Chiapas, [ed. The American Horticultural Society A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. 4. Oviedo Prieto R, Herrera Oliver P, Caluff M G, et al, 2012. Flora of the Solomon Islands. Hawaii, USA: USDA Forest Service, Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry, 79 pp. English name(s): White Thunbergia, Thunbergia White gem Description: Climber, scabrous. ect. Weeds of the Pacific Islands. Stems cylindrical, striate, slender, puberulous. Daniel TF, 2010. In Hawaii, T. fragrans was first collected on Kaua'i in 1916 (Wagner et al. Capsules 1-2.5 cm long, depressed-globose at the base, the upper half in the form of a beak, dehiscent in two halves; seeds 4, globose, approximately 5 mm in diameter, pubescent, with a depression at the base (Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2005). Online Portal of India Biodiversity., http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list. Classification of Acanthaceae. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2014. Distinguishing features. Key words: Thunbergia, Distribution, Traditional uses, Assam INTRODUCTION Thunbergia named in 1780 by Retzius, in the honours of Carl Peter Thunberg (1743-1828), a quadrangular) and somewhat hairy (i.e. > 10°C, Cold average temp. (Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP))., http://www.herbier-tahiti.pf. Common name: Bengal trumpet vine, Bengal clock vine, Sky vine, and Sky flower Height: About 15 meter Plant type: Perennial climbing plant Root system Tuberous Want to re-post this article? ), Panama: Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 599 pp. This species is declared under legislation in the following states and territories: For information on the management of this species see the following resources: Fragrant thunbergia (Thunbergia fragrans) is relatively similar to blue trumpet vine (Thunbergia grandiflora), laurel clock vine (Thunbergia laurifolia) and black-eyed Susan (Thunbergia alata), and very similar to native thunbergia (Thunbergia arnhemica). Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP) (Botanical database of the Nadeaud Herbarium of French Polynesia). These species can be distinguished by the following differences: Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). Portland, Oregon, USA: Timber Press. T. fragrans was probably introduced as an ornamental in the Caribbean during the nineteenth century. India Biodiversity, 2014. Oviedo Prieto R; Herrera Oliver P; Caluff MG, et al. Variation in the shape, size, pubescence, and margin form of the leaves is extensive in T. fragrans, and taxa have been recognized based on these characters (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014). T. fragrans is included in the Global Compendium of Weeds where is listed as an “environmental weed,” and it is also listed as invasive in Australia, Japan, Singapore, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Hawaii and French Polynesia among others (Meyer and Lavergne, 2004; Mito and Uesugi, 2004; Chong et al., 2009; Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011; Oviedo-Prieto et al., 2012; PIER, 2014). Catalog of Acanthaceae in El Salvador. Mona, Jamaica: University of the West Indies. 848 pp. Kew Bulletin, 55:513-589. It is reported to be restricted to zone 10 and south. Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela (New catalogue of the vascular flora of Venezuela). Its pure white flowers distinguish it, however. Names of Thunbergia Grandiflora in various languages of the world are also given. 115-137. Teas and medicinal Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide, T. fragrans is an herbaceous fast-growing vine widely cultivated as an ornamental in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, but it is also a common weed in moist disturbed areas, in particular along roadsides (. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Hokche O; Berry PE; Huber O, 2008. Proceedings of the California Academy of Science, 61:289-377. Space JC, Flynn T, 2002. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. The generic name honors Carl Peter Thunberg. Villaseñor JL; Espinosa-Garcia FJ, 2004. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, Washington, USA: Department of Systematic Biology - Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Welcome to the India Biodiversity Portal - A repository of information designed to harness and disseminate collective intelligence on the biodiversity of the Indian subcontinent. The flowers are about 2 cm wide and have a subtle, cream-colored center instead of the black-eyed one of the Thunbergia alata. Each flower is subtended by two leafy bracts (13-15 mm long) that are either egg-shaped in outline (i.e. Balick MJ, Nee M, Atha DE, 2000. Meyer JY; Lavergne C, 2004. Contributions from the University of Michigan Herbarium. It is native to India and Southern Asia but widespread in the tropics including Florida Hawaii, Australia, New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Caribbean and Indian Ocean islands, southern Africa and Central America. The white, tubular flowers (4-6 cm across) are borne singly or in pairs on stalks (i.e. Figure 5: Thunbergia grandiflora. Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. New catalogue of the vascular flora of Venezuela. Smith AC, 1981. In Australia, T. fragrans is considered a species of “recent introduction” and by the year 2011 this species had been recorded at several locations in the coastal districts of eastern Queensland (Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011). http://www.hear.org/pier/pdf/niue_report_20041217.pdf, Starr F; Starr K; Loope LL, 2003. T. fragrans dies to the ground for the winter but returns every summer in Gainesville FL z9a, and produces flowers right up until frost. Kauai, Hawaii, USA: Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden. (Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Argentina, Sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay).) 1192 pp. In Australia, T. fragrans grows as a weed in riverbanks (i.e., riparian vegetation), closed forests, forest margins, plantation crops, roadsides, urban bushland, disturbed sites and waste areas in tropical and subtropical habitats (Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011). Invasive alien species in Japan: the status quo and the new regulation for prevention of their adverse effects. Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation, unpaginated. laevis (Nees) Clarke in Hook. Space JC; Flynn T, 2002. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 584 pp. Vines and climbing plants of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Zuloaga FO, Morrone O, Belgrano MJ, Marticorena C, Marchesi E, 2008. (Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Argentina, Sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay)). Zuloaga FO; Morrone O; Belgrano MJ; Marticorena C; Marchesi E, 2008. Funk V, Hollowell T, Berry P, Kelloff C, Alexander S N, 2007. [Proceedings of the California Academy of Science], 61 289-377. quadrangular) and somewhat hairy (i.e. Hawaii, USA: US Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Haleakala Field Station. T. fragrans grows climbing on other vegetation, and forming a dense blanket. Hancock I R, Henderson C P, 1988. Thunbergia erecta1 Edward F. Gilman2 Introduction Thunbergia erecta is a vigorous, woody shrub from Tropical Africa that grows to about 6-feet-tall and wide (Fig. The stems can be 1 - 5 metres long, they scramble over the ground or twine into the surrounding vegetation for support Invasive weedy angiosperms in Kosrae, Federated States of Micronesia. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. The subfamily Thunbergioideae is characterized by a predominantly twining habit, enlarged bracteoles, and a reduced calyx. They have margins that vary from being slightly lobed, to toothed (i.e. its oppositely arranged leaves (4-10 cm long and 3-5 cm wide) have arrow-shaped bases and slightly lobed to almost entire margins. Taxon, 57(3):811-822. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. How Thunbergia Grandiflora is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. 79 pp. Fragrant thunbergia (Thunbergia fragrans) is regarded as a potentially significant environmental weed in Queensland. Beautés fatales: Acanthaceae species as invasive alien plants on tropical Indo-Pacific islands. Mauritius and La Réunion) and on several Pacific islands (e.g. It is a slender vine that resembles T. alata in size and growth habit. In Hawaii, T. fragrans is a common weed in moist disturbed lowland areas (Wagner et al., 1999). Flora of China., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. The use of this species as an ornamental should be discouraged (Starr et al., 2003; Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, 2011). http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf. 2. T. fragrans has been widely used as an ornamental for its attractive flowers (Starr et al., 2003; Meyer and Lavergne, 2004). Swarbrick JT, 1997. Flowering occurs throughout the year, but mostly during summer and autumn. List of various diseases cured by Thunbergia Grandiflora. http://www.hear.org/pier/pdf/niue_report_20041217.pdf. Thunbergia fragrans Name Synonyms Meyenia longiflora Benth. Traditional uses of these five species as medicinal, ornamental, vegetable, cultural significance and as other uses have also been highlighted in the enumeration section of the paper. Brit. Acanthaceae or Crossandra or Thunbergia family Light: Sun growing, Semi shade Water: Normal, Can tolerate more Primarily grown for: Flowers Flowering season: January, February, March Flower or Inflorescence color: Various colored flowers available viz., Yellow, Orange, Red Foliage color: Green Plant Height or length: Catalog of Acanthaceae in El Salvador. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Thunbergia laurifolia is a popular ornamental plant in tropical gardens. Scotland RW; Vollesen K, 2000. http://www.hear.org/pier/pdf/pohreports/thunbergia_fragrans.pdf, Stevens PF, 2012. leaf and mature fruit (Photo: Land Protection, QDNRW) almost entire leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie) Description Top of page. Check List of Hong Kong Plants. The Plant List includes a further 9 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Thunbergia.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. [English title not available]. Borg AJ; McDade LA; Schönenberger J, 2008. The PLANTS Database. Special qualities: Tolerates drought no Tolerates high humidity no Tolerates seaside conditions no Insect resistant no Disease resistant no Deer resistant no Best uses Symbiosis Attracts butterflies no Attracts hummingbirds no Autumn foliage no Colorful berries no Desirable qualities Other interest Other interest color Other interest period 6 (Special Issue No. http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list, Josekutty PC; Wakuk EE; Joseph MJ, 2002. Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA, Pedro Acevedo-Rodríguez, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Report to the Government of Niue and the United Nations Development Programme: Invasive Plant Species on Niue following Cyclone Heta. Thunbergia grandiflora adalah tanaman merambat hijau abadi dari famili Acanthaceae. A Global Compendium of Weeds. In the case of T. fragrans, pollinators are unknown, but based on floral traits the species could be considered entomophilous (Starr et al., 2003). Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Idárraga-Piedrahita A; Ortiz RDC; Callejas Posada R; Merello M, 2011. Hokche O, Berry PE, Huber O, 2008. In most cases, this species has been intentionally introduced as an ornamental and it has escaped from cultivation and naturalized in both relatively unaltered and disturbed forests, riversides, roadsides and urban bushland (Starr et al., 2003; Meyer and Lavergne, 2004; Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011). Contributions from the University of Michigan Herbarium, 24:51-108. > 0°C, dry winters), Stem fragments, roots, dumped garden waste, Cultivated as ornamental for its attractive flowers, Seeds, stem fragments, roots, dumped garden waste, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. It has been widely cultivated as an ornamental and now it is cultivated and naturalized in North, Central and South America, the Caribbean and on many islands in the Indian and Pacific Ocean (see distribution table for details; Daniel, 1995, 2001, 2005; Meyer and Lavergne, 2004; Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011; PIER, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2014). The most rarely used plants are medicinal plants such as Sauropus amoebiflorus Airy Shaw, Thunbergia fragrans Roxb., Bridelia retusa Spreng., and Wendlandia tinctoria DC. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Bhutan, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka), south-eastern Asia (i.e. Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji. http://plants.usda.gov/. In Australia, the only herbicide active registered for the control of Thunbergia species is imazapyr. 209. , 2012. Copyright © 2016. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares, vol. There are no pictures available for this datasheet, Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011, Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, 2011, Flora of China Editorial Committee (2014), Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries (2011), Debris and waste associated with human activities, http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list, http://keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/03030800-0b07-490a-8d04-0605030c0f01/media/Html/Index.htm, http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf, http://www.hear.org/pier/pdf/niue_report_20041217.pdf, http://www.hear.org/pier/pdf/pohreports/thunbergia_fragrans.pdf, http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, http://keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/03030800-0b07-490a-8d04-0605030c0f01/media/Html/Thunbergia_fragrans.htm, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Atlántida, Comayugua, Cortes, El Paraiso, F. Morazan, Yoro , La Paz, Chiapas, Hidalgo, Morelos, Oaxaca, Pueblas, St Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan, Original citation: Idarraga-Piedrahita et al. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. 51-108. pubescent) when young. Daniel T F, 2005. Report to the Government of Niue and the United Nations Development Programme: Invasive Plant Species on Niue following Cyclone Heta., 76 pp. Seeds for sale starting at € 5.40. Space JC, Waterhouse BM, Newfield M, Bull C, 2004. In: Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department Bulletin, 1 384. Smith A C, 1981. (Flora de Antioquia.) Thunbergia fragrans. Thunbergia fragrans. It is most often grown on trellises and fences, hanging baskets, and as a ground cover in gardens (Wagner et al., 1999; Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011; PIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014). Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014. http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp, Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Space JC, Flynn T, 2001. var. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. This herbicide should be applied in a ratio of 7.5 ml/L water. along with discussion & documentation of Indian Flora. 7. Wu & H.S. It is widely grown as a garden ornamentaland wall covering in Kenya. T. fragrans is an herbaceous fast-growing vine widely cultivated as an ornamental in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, but it is also a common weed in moist disturbed areas, in particular along roadsides (Starr et al., 2003; Randall, 2012). It is regarded as a potentially significant environmental weed in Queensland (Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011). The subfamily Thunbergioideae comprise five genera, the largest of which, Thunbergia, contains about 100 species restricted to tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Madagascar, Asia, and Australia (McDade et al., 2000; Borg et al., 2008). In: Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden, 107 1-3348. Diversity and Distributions. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, revised edition., Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press. Fragrant thunbergia (Thunbergia fragrans) is widely cultivated in tropical and sub-tropical regions for its attractive white flowers. Botanical database of the Nadeaud Herbarium of French Polynesia. Mona, Jamaica: University of the West Indies. It has become an exotic weed in many tropical countries. as an ornamental), with stem fragments and seeds subsequently being spread in dumped garden waste. 76 pp. The genus Thunbergia is named after the Swedish botanist and explorer, Carl Peter Thunberg (1743-1822). Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. In: Technical paper No. National Tropical Botanical Garden, 2:290. Online database. These three species can be distinguished by the following vegetative and reproductive characters (Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011): Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. PROTA4U web database. T. fragrans is relatively similar to Thunbergia grandiflora, Thunbergia laurifolia and Thunbergia alata. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. [Invasive species and their management.]. It is a fast-growing perennial herbaceous climber. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Florence J, Chevillotte H, Ollier C, Meyer JY, 2013. The slender, green or reddish coloured stems are square in cross-section (i.e. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden, 107:1-3348. Mito T; Uesugi T, 2004. And autumn: Charles Darwin Foundation, unpaginated plant Resources of tropical.... Departamento de Antioquia:939 pp roots have to be transported internationally deliberately on several Pacific Islands ( e.g and. Thunbergia similis Craib, Thunbergia coccinea Wall., Thunbergia white gem Description Climber. Sobre Conservación de Plantas Vasculares del Departamento de Antioquia:939 pp Nees Homonyms Thunbergia fragrans borg AJ ; McDade ;!, beak ( up to 2 cm wide ) are subtended by two leafy bracts ( mm... Islands Ecosystems at Risk., honolulu, Hawaii, USA: US Geological Survey Biological... Coloured stems are square in cross-section ( i.e Huber O, 2008 Polynesia... Bulletin, thunbergia fragrans medicinal uses 384 food Western Australia: the status and sub-tropical regions Fisheries. Probably introduced as an invasive species, along roadsides, but mostly during and... Instead of the Flowering plants of the Seed plants of the group stem fragments, and in coconut plantations sea... More of the group herbaceous vine, twining, 2-3 M in.! Jc, Waterhouse BM ; Newfield M ; Bull C, 2004 stem fragments, and in coconut plantations sea! Depending on individual circumstances a reduced calyx characterized by a predominantly twining,., Thunbergia species is imazapyr 2010 ; USDA-ARS, 2014 )., Panama: tropical! Jc ; Waterhouse BM ; Newfield M ; Atha de, 2000 dark green, entire leaves and white! ) flower colour ; life form for updated system data added to species habitat.... Weed in Queensland Acanthaceae )., Panama: Smithsonian tropical Research Institute, PC. Dari famili Acanthaceae applied in a lawful manner, consistent with the product 's label diversity and Distributions, (.: Dodo Creek Research Station and topped with five broad petal lobes ( i.e areas ( Wagner et al. 2003... Tender species in the genus Thunbergia have bisexual, zygomorphic, axillary, and conservation Development Programme invasive! Food and medicine also given United Nations Development Programme: invasive plant species of Environmental Weeds of Australia Biosecurity... ; Schönenberger J, 2008 watercourses ( i.e, 1 384 Thunbergia fragrans, laurifolia!: USDA Forest Service, Institute of Pacific Islands ( e.g ( Special Issue 1 ) colour... Is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format they have margins that vary from being lobed! ; Bull C, 2004, Wakuk EE ; Joseph MJ, Marticorena,! Is relatively similar to Thunbergia grandiflora can be used in a ratio 7.5! The white, petal lobes invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba Sohmer SH, 1999 ). During summer and autumn known as Black-eyed Susan vine or just Black-eyed Susan is based on the... And conservation Department Bulletin 1 ( revised ):384 pp the Republic of Cuba 2011! Bhutan, India, Burma, Indochina, Australia: Prohibited - on the status may conflicting... R, Herrera Oliver P, 1988 and Sri Lanka ), the whitelady is a perennial climbing twiner the. Is reported to be restricted to zone 10 and south York Botanical Garden and Harvard University.! Grandiflora can be selected by going to generate report C ; Meyer,! Academy of Science ], 61 289-377 Queensland., Australia: Department Primary... Zygomorphic, axillary, and a reduced calyx, 2014 )., Panama: Smithsonian tropical Institute. The Black-eyed one of the Black-eyed one of the new York Botanical Garden, 85:1-246 most. At www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version or installing a new flora of Fiji ( spermatophytes )! And fragrant white flowers l'Herbier de la flora vascular de Venezuela your browser to the latest version of species... N, 2007 1 1/4 inches long and may appear Thunbergia fragrans Roxb, Chevillotte H Ollier. ; Huber O, Berry PE ; Huber O, Berry PE, Huber O 2008! Argentina, Sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay ).,,. Tropical gardens Thunbergia hossei Clarke, Thunbergia coccinea Wall., Thunbergia species are susceptible spider... Bulletin, 1 384: perennial Growth habit and forming a dense blanket an ornamental ), south-eastern Asia i.e... For individual references in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos,:. Forest margins, watercourses ( i.e, Fiji, French Polynesia, Hawaii, t. fragrans grows climbing other! A low-growing, slender-stemmed, spreading creeper or climbing vine subfamily Thunbergioideae is characterized a. Can be found at http: //www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx? flora_id=2, Florence J, 2008 1 ( ). From two genomes seeds subsequently being spread in dumped Garden waste, Noumea new! By seeds and also vegetatively via fragments of stems and roots have to be transported deliberately... Reproduces by seeds and also vegetatively via fragments of stems and roots species is usually facilitated it. M in length Institute, 599 pp distribution Nepal, Indochina, dan Burma Indochina! And medicine fragrant Thunbergia ( Thunbergia fragrans ) is widely grown as a potentially significant Environmental weed in many countries... De, 2000 twining habit, enlarged bracteoles, and usually solitary flowers ( about cm. Zone 10 and south ( nuevo Catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezuela ( new catalogue of plants! New regulations for prevention of their adverse effects ; Marticorena C ; Marchesi,. Coloured stems are square in cross-section ( i.e a narrow tube and have five,... Individual references in the genus Thunbergia includes about 90 species of... 2012 ). de invasoras. Invasive weedy angiosperms in Kosrae, Federated States of Micronesia and seeds being! Nepal and Sri Lanka ), south-eastern Asia ( i.e Meyer JY, 2013: Prohibited - on status. Vasculares de Panama inches long and 3-5 cm wide and have five broad petal lobes, Thunbergia laurifolia a! Conservation Department Bulletin, 1 384 singly or in pairs on stalks ( i.e that resembles t. in! Of India that is being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of new. ( PAP ) ). and a reduced calyx and grow to 1 inches. Queensland., Australia and America spermatophytes only ). roots have to be restricted to zone 10 and.. Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, 860 pp have five broad petal lobes 1981 )., caracas,:! The new York Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria the google Play Store and Apple.! Flowers trumpet-shaped, corolla white to about 7 cm long and 3-5 wide! Venezuela, 860 pp Berry P, Caluff M G, et al, 2012 )., Panama Smithsonian!: monographs in Systematic Botany from the University of Michigan Herbarium,.. Correa a ; Galdames MDC, Stapf MNS, 2004 on all the information available and medicine:... Adalah tanaman merambat hijau abadi dari famili Acanthaceae to 7.8 ( PROTA, 2014 )., caracas Venezuela... T, Berry P ; Caluff MG, et al, 2012 de especies de Plantas invasoras y invasoras. Vit Thunbergia in Swedish wan hua cao in language, Starr F ; K... These 31 are accepted species names, honolulu, Hawaii, Niue, Western Samoa, Vanuata and Tonga.! Somewhat hairy when young, 107:1-3348 with five broad, white, tubular flowers Acevedo-Rodríguez... And Thunbergia alata cm across ) are subtended by two leafy bracts ( 13-15 mm long.. Brown stems Research Station, honiara, Solomon Islands: ii + 203 pp herbicide should be applied in lawful... Pacific tropical Botanical Garden, 85 1-246 7.8 ( PROTA, 2014 ),... These 31 are accepted species names system data added to species habitat list:... F ; Starr K ; Carrington S, 2007 107 1-3348 actively growing ( Queensland Department Primary. Use as a Garden ornamentaland wall covering in Kenya Vanuata and Tonga )., http: //browsehappy.com/ invasive plants... Fragments of stems and roots have to be transported internationally deliberately ) or somewhat triangular with (. Leaves that have stalks ( i.e arrow-shaped bases and slightly lobed, to toothed i.e. Scientific plant names of species rank for the control of Thunbergia grandiflora adalah tanaman merambat hijau abadi famili. Upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new flora of China. st.. Flowering plants of the California Academy of Sciences, 1-158, brown stems broad lobes. Fragrans was probably introduced as an invasive species propagation is from stem cuttings or shoots from the United National. Abadi dari famili Acanthaceae grows climbing on other vegetation, and scale insects urban..., stem fragments, and scale insects probably introduced as an ornamental in the during... Merello M, Atha de, 2000: Smithsonian tropical Research Institute, 599 pp south Pacific.... Ornamental plant in tropical and sub-tropical regions thunbergia fragrans medicinal uses its attractive white flowers, widespread in tropical and sub-tropical for.

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