In Antony and Cleopatra he is portrayed as extremely gullible, asking Antony silly questions about Egypt while very drunk. Licinianus wrote: "The inhabitants of Faesulae broke into the strongholds of the veterans. Neither writers mentioned any battles near Rome. Modern writers have often been equally dismissive. He was the son of a prominent politician (d. c. 77 bc) of the same name. He wrote that "Lepidus gathered together the dispossessed, whose land had been taken over by Sulla after his victory to make new colonies for his soldiers, and also the children of the proscribed. Granius Licinianus wrote that Lepidus passed a corn law without opposition (it provided a corn allowance of five modii for the people) and made many other promises: to recall the exiles, to rescind the acts of Sulla, and to restore to its owners the land which had been used for military colonies. He appears to have encouraged the Romanisation of Thibilis in Numidia and to have demolished illicit extensions to Carthage so that the formally cursed area of the old city, destroyed after the Third Punic War, was not built upon. Octavius tells Lepidus that his brother must be killed. Why do they want Caesar's will? The QFG Historical Database is a research project undertaken by As soon as Lepidus has gone, Antony begins to talk trash about him. LEPIDUS What, shall I find you here? Take the quiz to go over things like the role of Lepidus in the play and where he goes once Caesar is killed. the Ultimate Decree) which called on the interrex Appius Claudius and the proconsul Quintus Lutatius Catulusto take necessary measures to preserve public safety. However, Cassius Dio hints that Lepidus helped Paullus to escape. He negotiated a deal with the rebel leader, quaestor Marcellus, and helped defeat an attack by the Mauretanian king Bogud. charge expense >>> LEPIDUS : 4.1.10 : What, shall I find you here? Lepidus successfully negotiated an agreement with Sextus that maintained the peace. Antony thinks Lepidus is weak, so it's a shame that he'll be sharing power with Antony and Octavius in the triumvirate. However, he felt that Octavian was treating him as a subordinate rather than an equal. Lepidus thereafter administered both Hispania and Narbonese Gaul. Speeches (Lines) for Lepidus in "Julius Caesar" Total: 3. print/save view. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (15) What are Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus doing at the opening of the scene? Why does Antony send Lepidus to Caesar's house to get the will? Unlike the First Triumvirate of Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus, this one was formally constituted. Pompey was criticised because when the enemy surrendered he wrote to the senate that Brutus had surrendered to him of his own accord. There are also accounts by Licinianus and Julius Exsuperantius which are based on information from Sallust's work which was still extant in their days but has had been lost. In Florus' account, Lepidus also wanted to repeal Sulla's acts. The senate voted him a public thanksgiving festival. Write. Match. However, he refused to join him because the outlook was less promising than he had thought and because he did not think that Lepidus was a good leader.  In highly rhetorical passages, Sallust wrote that in Etruria there were smouldering fires of war and mentioned pillaging and burning. ", The entry in Livy's Periochae also seems to indicate that it was Catulus who ended the conflict. Messala is a minor character in William Shakespeare's 'Julius Caesar', but he is a loyal friend to Brutus. Brutus received a cavalry escort and withdrew to Regium Lepidi, a small town by the River Po, where he started to whip up further support for Lepidus.  In 77 BC, when he was recalled from his proconsulship of Gaul, he returned to Rome at the head of an army and an armed conflict erupted. In Asconius there is a mention that Triarius fought against Lepidus in Sardinia. (Weigel, Lepidus: The Tarnished Triumvir, p. Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, Roman statesman, one of the triumvirs who ruled Rome after 43. Julius Caesar Act IV. Appian wrote that after a long resistance, he was let in the town by treachery. Learn. After this Lepidus was given six of Antony’s legions to govern Africa. Lepidus was rewarded with the consulship in 46 BC after the defeat of the Pompeians in the East. Antony plans to control and use Lepidus for his own purposes, as he did the crowd Octavian, now known as “Augustus”, is said to have belittled him by always asking for his vote last. Antony, Octavius and Lepidus have banded together in a counter-conspiracy to destroy the men who killed Caesar. , Appian wrote that there was a conflict between the two consuls and their two factions (the Sullans and the Marians), and that the senate was afraid of both factions. Such a demand would destabilise Rome.  Pliny the Elder thought that he had the most beautiful house in Rome, with marble thresholds and shields with the battle scenes of Troy. , Asconius Pedianus and an entry in Livy's Periochae also mentioned a conflict in Sardinia. While in Spain Lepidus was called upon to act to quell a rebellion against Quintus Cassius Longinus, governor of neighbouring Hispania Ulterior. LEPIDUS Upon condition Publius shall not live, Who is your sister's son, Mark Antony. Antony and Lepidus met with Octavian on an island in a river, possibly near Mutina but more likely near Bologna, their armies lined along opposite banks. Perpenna, who had joined the rebellion, went to Spain (with the remnant of the rebel forces) to avoid punishment and joined Quintus Sertorius in the Sertorian War. Lepidus was the son of Marcus Aemilius Lepidus; his mother may have been a daughter of Lucius Appuleius Saturninus. Lepidus had previously been a close ally of Julius Caesar. It got them to swear that they would not let their differences escalate to the point of war. He was prevented from entering Rome, so he prepared his army for battle. Licinianus wrote that after the inhabitants of Faesulae attacked the veterans in the colony and reclaimed their land (see section above), "[t]he consuls were assigned an army and set off for Etruria, as the senate instructed." After the death of Lucius Cornelius Sulla, he attempted to undermine the Sullan constitution and revive the populares faction. After killing many of the veterans and reclaiming their land, they defended their actions before the senate on the grounds that the rural population had been forced to do this after being driven from their homes. See also our ANTONY. Lepidus' forces were defeated in a battle near the Milvian Bridge and as a result his rebellion failed. Lepidus negotiated an agreement with him, while claiming to the Senate that he had no choice. Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (/ ˈ l ɛ p ɪ d ə s /; c. 89 BC – late 13 or early 12 BC) was a Roman general and statesman who formed the Second Triumvirate alongside Octavian and Mark Antony during the final years of the Roman Republic.Lepidus had previously been a close ally of Julius Caesar.He was also the last Pontifex Maximus before the Roman Empire.. But, Lepidus, go you to Caesar's house; Fetch the will hither, and we shall determine How to cut off some charge in legacies. OPTIONS: Show cue speeches • Show full speeches # Act, Scene, Line (Click to see in context) Speech text: 1. OCTAVIUS Or here, or at the Capitol. Laura Knight-Jadczyk  When Sulla died in the same year, Lepidus tried to prevent the body from being buried in state on the Campus Martius. He fled to Etruria. Spell. Use this worksheet and quiz to learn about Lepidus in Julius Caesar. According to Cicero, he groaned, turned away and had tears in his eyes. After Antony’s defeat at the Battle of Mutina, the Senate sent word that Lepidus’ troops were no longer needed. Upon condition Publius shall not live, Who is your sister's son, Mark Antony. Antony. Julius Caesar - Act IV. Lepidus realised that in the following year his oath not to make war on the Sullans would no longer be valid because it was considered that it was binding only during the term of office (which lasted only one year). Octavian accused Lepidus of attempting to usurp power and fomenting rebellion. There two men had military commands as proconsuls.  In 82 BC, during Sulla's second civil war, he fought for Sulla. After the pacification of the east and the defeat of the assassins’ faction in the Battle of Philippi, during which he remained in Rome, Antony and Octavian took over most of Lepidus’ territories, but granted him rights in the provinces of Numidia and Africa.  Cicero wrote that he had not committed fraud in regard to the grain supply. He, Mark Antony, and Marcus Lepidus formed the Second Triumvirate to defeat the assassins of Caesar. This database, During his governorship of Africa he promoted the distribution of land to veterans, possibly in order to build up a network of clients. He expresses trust in Lepidus and is less disillusioned than Antony. Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (born c. 89 or 88 BC, died late 13 or early 12 BC) was a Roman patrician who was triumvir with Octavian (the future Augustus) and Mark Antony, and the last Pontifex Maximus of the Roman Republic. Spending the rest of his life in obscurity, Lepidus was apparently allowed to return to Rome periodically to participate in some senate business. On 22 September 36 BC Lepidus was stripped of all his offices except that of Pontifex Maximus. page for info on data we are building upon. While some scholars have endorsed this view, others argue that the evidence is insufficient to discount the distorting effects of propaganda by his opponents, principally Cicero and, later, Augustus. Antony and Lepidus now had to deal with Octavian Caesar, Caesar’s great-nephew and adopted son in Caesar’s will. In Antony and Cleopatra, Lepidus will be treated more disdainfully by Antony and eliminated from the Triumvirate, probably by being murdered offstage. He was recalled from his proconsular command. They formed the Second Triumvirate, legalized with the name of Triumvirs for Confirming the Republic with Consular Power (Triumviri Rei Publicae Constituendae Consulari Potestate) by the Lex Titia of 43 BC. ... Lepidus is a Senator of Rome. He was the father of the triumvir Marcus Aemilius Lepidus and of one of the consuls for 50 BC Lucius Aemilius Lepidus Paullus. His task was to find solutions which made it possible to call an election. At this point Pompey’s surviving son Sextus Pompey tried to take advantage of the turmoil to threaten Spain. Lepidus had been the first to land troops in Sicily and had captured several of the main towns. Lepidus joined the Caesarian side during the Civil War (49–45) between Caesar and the adherents of Pompey. before you make use of this Database. One of the ringleaders of the conspiracy, Gaius Cassius Longinus, had argued for the killing of Lepidus and Mark Antony as well, but Marcus Junius Brutus had overruled him, saying the action was an execution and not a political coup. In Plutarch's account, Pompey undertook a long siege of Brutus in Mutina. I do consent,— OCTAVIUS. In 77 BC, when Lepidus had left for his proconsular command (he was allocated the provinces of Cisalpine and Transalpine Gaul to the north of Italy), his political opponents moved against him. There was a battle with Catulus near Campus Martius. Lepidus became one of the triumvirs partly because he had a large number of soldiers under his command and also because Antony needed him. Actually understand Julius Caesar Act 4, Scene 1. After the defeat of Antony in 30 BC, Lepidus’ son Lepidus the Younger was involved in a conspiracy to assassinate Octavian, but the plot was discovered by Gaius Maecenas. (Lepidus wants to know if they will : still be "here"—maybe Antony's house—when he : OCTAVIUS: returns.) When the Perusine War broke out in 41 BC, Octavian tasked Lepidus with the defence of Rome against Lucius Antonius, Mark Antony’s brother. It is unclear whether Lepidus’ troops forced him to join with Antony, whether that was always Lepidus’s plan, or whether he arranged matters to gauge the situation and make the best deal.  The interrex was an official who was appointed when difficult disputes made holding elections exceedingly difficult. Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (c. 121 â 77 BC) was a Roman statesman and general. There is no mention of any participation in the conflict by Decimus Junius Brutus and Mamercus Aemilius Lepidus Livianus, the consuls of that year (77BC), who also had military command. (in short Lepidus agrees to the death of his brother, and Antony agrees to the death of a nephew. Plutarch wrote that it was not known whether Brutus betrayed his army or whether his army betrayed him and switched allegiance.  Presumably the men who bought the confiscated property would resist such a measure. She was related to Lucius Appuleius Saturninus. He secured Caesar’s appointment as dictator, a position Caesar used to get himself elected as Consul, resigning the dictatorship after eleven days. In an entry in the chronological tables of St. Jerome Hieronymus, it is stated that Lepidus was declared a public enemy.. Lepidus was among Julius Caesar's greatest supporters. With the triumvirs in possession of overwhelming numerical superiority, Decimus Brutus’ remaining forces melted away, leaving the triumvirs in complete control of the western provinces. Lepidus had in fact already reached the peak of his power. Lepidus departs, and Antony asks Octavius if Lepidus is a worthy enough man to rule Rome with him and Octavius. LEPIDUS. , Something Julius Exsuperantius wrote suggests that Lepidus probably wanted to restore the land confiscated both from the Italians and with the proscriptions. , Pliny the Elder noted that Lepidus divorced his wife Appuleia. It is likely that the factional conflict that split Rome made the election of new consuls difficult. In 37 BC the treaty of Tarentum formally renewed the Triumvirate for another five years. He was praetor in 49, governor He asserted that Sicily should be absorbed into his sphere of influence. As soon as Lepidus learned of Caesar’s murder, he acted decisively to maintain order by moving troops to the Campus Martius. Antony then sends Lepidus to obtain Caesar's will so that they can reduce some of the bequests. Or here, or at the Capitol. Lepidus had previously been a close ally of Julius Caesar. ANTONY. Lepidus was sent to negotiate with him. Lepidus is sent to collect Caesar's will, to see if they can divert some of his money their way.  Brutus eventually surrendered. Two members of his family had been governors in Sicily in 218 BC and 191 BC respectively. Act Four, Scene One. He sided with the aristocracy and was appointed as a commander of an army to confront Lepidus. Gaius Julius Caesar (/ ˈ s iː z ər / SEE-zər, Latin: [ˈɡaːi.ʊs ˈjuːli.ʊs ˈkae̯.sar]; 12 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman general and statesman who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.. Lepidus also obtained the post of Pontifex Maximus. ANTONY This is a slight unmeritable man, Meet to be sent on errands: is it fit, The three-fold world divided, he should stand In Appian's account there is no mention of Brutus, Pompey and Gaul. However, he refused to restore the power of the plebeian tribunes which had been curbed by Sulla's laws (see article on Sulla). Antony taunts him with an elaborately nonsensical description of a Nile crocodile. In this way he collected a large army ..." He also wrote that Lepidus "also made himself popular with the common people, as the defender of the people's freedom, by bestowing many gifts on them, both publicly and individually. Julius Caesar, in full Gaius Julius Caesar, (born July 12/13, 100? He served to balance the power of Antony and young Octavius Caesar, because he was a threat to neither Octavius nor Antony. After the defeat of Sextus Pompey, Lepidus had stationed his legions in Sicily and a dispute arose over whether he or Octavian had authority on the island. They pers… Mark Antony. Octavian was the only surviving commander of the forces that had defeated Antony at Mutina (modern Modena). When Antony attempted to take control of Cisalpine Gaul (northern Italy) by force and displace Decimus Brutus, the Senate led by Cicero called on Lepidus to support Brutus – one of Caesar’s killers. Prick him down, Antony.  Lepidus gathered the remnants of the weakened Marian faction (see Sulla's first and Sulla's second civil war), and those who had escaped Sulla's proscriptions.. Quantum Future Group Inc.  The colony Sulla established in Etruria was at Faesulae.  This brought him into conflict with the optimates whom Sulla had put back in power. Antony claims allegiance to Brutus and the conspirators after Caesar’s … Write. Cassius and his supporters were allowed to leave and order was restored. The Tragedy of Julius Caesar (First Folio title: The Tragedie of Ivlivs Cæsar) is a history play and tragedy by William Shakespeare first performed in 1599. shall . It sounds like Catulus went to Etruria to pursue Lepidus. After negotiation, he suggested an alternative: Octavian could have Sicily and Africa, if he agreed to give Lepidus back his old territories in Spain and Gaul, which should legally have been his according to the Lex Titia. IV,1,1864. He wrote that Lepidus decided to bring his army to Rome because he knew why he had been recalled, namely to be stripped of his military command. IV,1,1862. , Julius Caesar, who was a Marian and had fled Rome during Sulla's persecution, returned to Rome because of the rebellion Lepidus was planning. In effect, it sidelined the consuls and the senate and signalled the death of the Republic. Lepidus was allotted the military command of the province of Gallia Transalpina. Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus are gathered with a checklist of the men they plan to murder for conspiracy. Lepidus proves an effective tool for them in … Sallust wrote that Lepidus' actions led to the interrex Appius Claudius and the proconsul Catulus to be ordered to protect the city. The next day Pompey sent Geminius to kill Brutus. " The mountains Licinianus referred to must have been in Etruria. Created by. His father was the first leader of the revived populares faction after the death of Sulla, and led an unsuccessful rebellion against the optimates. He drew his information from one of the speeches of Cicero. Please view our  In the Perochiae, Lepidus was expelled from Italy by Catulus and died in Sardinia "where he had, in vain, tried to stir up a war. Terms in this set (54) How does Antony react to the suggestion that his nephew Publius should be killed? Lepidus refused to support Cassius, who had created opposition to Caesar’s regime by his corruption and avarice. Cicero condemned Lepidus for “wickedness and sheer folly” after he allowed his forces to join with Mark Antony’s after Antony’s initial defeat at the Battle of Mutina. Lepidus prevaricated, recommending negotiation with Antony. He started his cursus honorum as triumvir monetalis, overseeing the minting of coins, from c. 62–58 BC. Lepidus was expelled from Italy and went to Sardinia.  With regard to the land, before retiring from political life in 79 BC, Sulla confiscated land from the locals in Campania and Etruria to grant allotments to his veterans who then established a colony (a Roman settlement outside Roman territory). Exsuperantius wrote that a battle was fought on the coast of Etruria. He also wrote: "Lepidus ...[missing text]... into the mountains ...[missing text]... led back his army." However, this was to lead to an ill-judged political move that gave Octavian the excuse he needed to remove Lepidus from power. , Lepidus was elected consul for the year 78 BC. Lepidus was among Julius Caesar's greatest supporters. Sending Lepidus for Caesar’s will, Antony expresses contempt for Lepidus and plans with Octavius to raise an army to fight the troops of Brutus and Cassius. He then retired to Sardinia, "where he died of disease and sorrow of mind. Lepidus was defeated in a battle at the Milvian bridge and then declared an enemy of the senate. Lepidus married Junia Secunda, sister of Marcus Junius Brutus and Junia Tertia, Cassius Longinus’s wife. He enriched himself during Sulla's proscriptions. With that settled, Lepidus is sent to collect Caesar's will, to see if they can divert some of his money their way. He fell ill and âdied of despondency, which was due, as we are told, not to the loss of his cause, but to his coming accidentally upon a writing from which he discovered that his wife was an adulteress.â The Brutus in question was Marcus Junius Brutus the Elder, the father of Marcus Junius Brutus the Younger, one of the leaders of the plot to assassinate Julius Caesar. Pompey, invested as a legate with propraetorial powers, quickly recruited an army from among his veterans and threatened Lepidus, who had marched his army to Rome, from the north. He captured Norba, in Latium, which had sided with Sulla's enemies, the Marians. Flashcards. His brother was Lucius Aemilius Lepidus Paullus. Granius Licinianus, Grani Liciniani Quae Supersunt (Classic Reprint)( inLatin), Forgotten Books, 2018: Plutarch, Parallel Lives: Agesilaus and Pompey, Pelopidas and Marcellus (Loeb Classical Library), Loeb, 1989: Sallust, Catiline's War, The Jugurthine War, Histories: WITH The Jugurthine War, Penguin Classics, 2007; This page was last edited on 23 September 2020, at 15:56. Their works, too, have survived only in fragments. Lepidus had to plead with his former enemy Lucius Saenius Balbinus to grant her bail. LEPIDUS. His maternal great-uncle Julius Caesar was assassinated in 44 BC, and Octavius was named in Caesar's will as his adopted son and heir. Dio wrote that “She, the mother-in‑law of Octavian and wife of Antony, had no respect for Lepidus because of his slothfulness, and managed affairs herself, so that neither the senate nor the people transacted any business contrary to her pleasure.”. 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