Did not know that the Altai Mountains are in this part of the world. The second longest river in Africa is explained on Facts about the River Congo. Quite a few cataracts (large or high waterfalls), dangerous rapids, and numerous islands can make the navigation difficult or impossible in certain areas of the river. Here are some facts about the Congo River. It is not an uncommon sight to see a barge that is transporting wood or fuel or other things. The Congo River is a long, arcing river with a basin that spans nine countries in West-Central Africa. Because the river flows near the Equator, the area around it is extremely hot. Environment, Landmarks / By EE Editor. Fast Facts: – Two countries are named after the river. Top Answer. Saka Saka or Pondu: It is the national dish in Congo, made up of ground cassava leaves, palm oil, … It is the second longest river in Africa, after the Nile . The Congo River flows through the heart of Africa for about 2,900 miles (4,700 kilometers). Introduction. The overall length of Congo-Chambeshi River is measured at 2,920 miles or 4,700 kilometers. 1. It is also the deepest river in the world, with parts of it over 700 feet deep. In the falls there are several waterfalls and rapids, stretching for over 200 miles and still have as much power as all of the waterfalls and rivers in the United States combined. Facts about Congo Rainforest 5: the animal in the river. The river runs through the Congo rainforest which may be the second largest rain forest on the planet. https://www.britannica.com/place/Congo-River, Social Studies for Kids - The Congo River, Congo River - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Congo River - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). 9. The Congo River: Facts and History The Congo River winds through millenia of myth, tragedy, triumph and history in the making. Congo River, river in west-central Africa. According to the discharge volume, it is the second largest river. Top 10 Outstanding Congo River Facts. “The Congo River is the spine of our country,” says Isidore Ndaywel è Nziem, a professor of history at the University of Kinshasa. Its overall length of 4,700 km (2,922 miles) makes it the second longest in Africa (after the Nile).The river and its tributaries flow through the second largest rain forest area in the world, second only to the Amazon Rainforest in South America.. Its overall length of 2,900 miles (4,667 kilometers) makes it the second-longest in Africa (after the Nile).It is the fifth-longest river in the world, draining a basin of nearly 1.5 million square miles. Given it tributaries drain areas north and south with the Equator, and its related rain-belt, it’s always raining somewhere within the Congo’s drainage basin. There are over 4000 islands within the river; over 50 of the islands are 10 miles long. Asked by Wiki User. When the river first became known to Europeans at the end of the 15th century, they called it the Zaire, a corruption of a word that is variously given as nzari, nzali, njali, nzaddi, and niadi and that simply means “river” in local African languages. Environment, Landmarks / By EE Editor. Congo River is the second longest in Africa, after the River Nile and has a discharge of just 1, 500, 000 cubic feet. The overall length of Congo-Chambeshi River is measured at 2,920 miles or 4,700 kilometers. Additionally, its overall length of 4,700 km (2,920 mi) makes it the ninth longest river. Its overall length of 2,900 miles (4,667 kilometers) makes it the second-longest in Africa (after the Nile).It is the fifth-longest river in the world, draining a basin of nearly 1.5 million square miles. Other interesting animals in Congo rainforest are the okapi, African forest elephants, dryas monkey, Allen’s swamp monkey, Congo peafola, and aqutic genet. “The Congo River is the spine of our country,” says Isidore Ndaywel è Nziem, a professor of history at the University of Kinshasa. Updates? The largest river in Africa. They are The Democratic Republic of Congo and the Republic of the Congo. Congo River - Congo River - Animal life: The animal life of the Congo basin is identified to a certain extent with that of the equatorial forest, which is sharply distinct from the wildlife of the savannas. Even though Congo River is not the longest river, it takes the record as the second longest river … There are more than 5 good facts on the Congo River. Introduction. The Congo River (also known as Zaire River) is the largest river in Africa. The Congo River is the deepest river in the world. In order … Other interesting animals in Congo rainforest are the okapi, African forest elephants, dryas monkey, Allen’s swamp monkey, Congo peafola, and aqutic genet. They use it for irrigation that can help water their peanut, organic cotton, tobacco, and sugarcane vegetation, all of which grow quickly because of the humid air. From Cairo to Khartoum, sort out this facts in this African odyssey. The Congo River that flows through the forest is the second largest river in the world. Congo River facts on depth, length, and conditions all contribute to the way the river is used. Answer. It reaches depths of over 750 feet (230 meters). Interesting facts about the Congo River December 31, 2017 December 30, 2017 admintag The Congo River, which flows mainly through the territory of the country of the same name, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is a real miracle of nature. Other facts about the Congo River. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The Congo River may be the main transportation source in this Central Africa region. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). During the rainy season over 50,000 cubic metres (1,800,000 cu ft) of water per second flow into the Atlantic Ocean. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The Congo River takes the crown for being the largest river in Africa. The Congo River has a size of 0.5 to 10 miles. The Congo River once in each direction crosses the equator twice. The River Congo is 2,900 miles (4,700 km) long making it the second l ongest river in Africa after Nile and the ninth longest river in the world.In terms of discharge, the Congo had an average annual discharge of around 41,200 m 3 /s (1,454,964.27 cubic ft/s). The Congo rainforest may be the second largest on the planet after the Amazon jungle. Major tributaries include the Aruwimi, kasai, and Lomami rivers. Its overall length of 4,700 km (2,922 miles) makes it the second longest in Africa (after the Nile).The river and its tributaries flow through the second largest rain forest area in the world, second only to the Amazon Rainforest in South America.. Congo is the world’s second-largest rainforest located on the African continent. The Congo River (also known as Zaire River) is the largest river in Africa. It has within its bank 30 waterfalls and a huge number of islands, at least 50 of which are more than 10 miles long. Upstream from Malebo Pool, the Congo basin receives an average of about 60 inches (1,500 mm) of rain a year, of which more than one-fourth is discharged into the Atlantic. At the mouth of the river, there's no delta--only a deep arm of the Atlantic, fringed with mangrove at the edges. 12. The Congo River is the second-longest river in Africa and the largest river in the world by discharge. The turbulent lower Congo River, home to hundreds of fish species, is not only Earth's deepest river; it also presents biologists with an intriguing window into evolution. The Congo is one of the deepest rivers in the world with depths sometimes exceeding 220 meters (720 feet). The Congo is one of the deepest rivers in the world with depths sometimes exceeding 220 meters (720 feet). The second longest river in Africa is explained on Facts about the River Congo. Congo River - The Congo River in the past also known as the Zaire River is a river in Africa, and is the deepest river in the world, with measured depths in excess of 220 m (720 ft).It is the third largest river in the world by volume of water discharged. It flows approximately 3,685 kilometers (2,290 miles) across Russia and empties into the Caspian Sea. The depth of River Congo reaches 720 feet or 220 metres. The Congo is the deepest river in the world. It is 4, 667 kilometers (2, 900 miles) long. “The Congo River or also known as the world’s eighth-longest river (2, 914 miles), begins at the junction of Lualaba and Luvua rivers, in the Altai Mountain, and flows southwest towards the Atlantic Ocean. Interesting facts about the Congo River December 31, 2017 December 30, 2017 admintag The Congo River, which flows mainly through the territory of the country of the same name, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is a real miracle of nature. The Congo is the world's eighth-longest river at 2,914 miles long. Facts About the Congo River Each major river has its own distinctions, whether it is their contribution to the economy of an area, or to the cultures that surround the waters. It is also the world's deepest recorded river, with measured depths in excess of 220 m (720 ft). The Congo River is the largest river in western Central Africa and the most powerful on the continent. Additionally, its overall length of 4,700 km (2,920 mi) makes it the ninth longest river. The Congo and its tributaries flow through the rainforest with the same name, which is the second-largest rainforest on the planet after the Amazon Rainforest (in Brazil). The Congo Basin is the only place to shelter all three subspecies of gorilla: the lowland gorilla, the endemic eastern lowland gorilla and the endangered mountain gorilla. With a length of 2,900 miles (4,700 km), it is the continent’s second longest river, after the Nile. The depth of River Congo reaches 720 feet or 220 metres. The river has cut deep into the ocean floor, and the brown of its silt-filled waters may be seen 30 miles (50 kilometers) out to sea. The Congo is the only major river to cross the equator twice; The Congo has the third largest drainage basin on Earth after the Amazon and Rio Plata basins. Omissions? He first sighted the river in 1482. The river and also the surrounding banks are home into a rich variety of fauna including the animals I mentioned up (bonobos, hippos, manatees, crocodiles, elephants and at very least 700 species of sea creatures) and since scientists haven’t had a good look at all stretches with the river yet so there can be many more. Though some impact measurements depend on anecdotal evidence and observation, precise science and engineering has settled some questions. The Congo’s source is at the highlands of north-east of Zambia, it flows into the Atlantic Ocean at Banane, within the Democratic Republic of Congo. LOCATION AND SIZE. The Congo River is a river in Africa and the world’s deepest river with measured depths in excess of 220 m (720 ft). We make the epic journey from Kinshasha, capital of the DRC, to Kisangani, the third largest city in this vast country. (Rivers > Congo River ) This generator generates a random fact from a large database on a chosen topic everytime you visit this page. Facts About the Congo River Each major river has its own distinctions, whether it is their contribution to the economy of an area, or to the cultures that surround the waters. The Congo River, the 9th longest river on the planet, is 2, 920 miles. [2] It is the second largest river in the world by volume of water discharged. Just as has been done for hundreds and more years, people today use this river for transport, of both people and their goods. One of the unique animals that you can view in the river of Congo is the hippopotamus. We have gathered 12 amazing facts about this resource-rich country to help you get informed. It rises in the highlands of northeastern Zambia between Lakes Tanganyika and Nyasa (Malawi) as the Chambeshi River at an elevation of 5,760 feet (1,760 The … Congo is the world’s second-largest rainforest located on the African continent. Facts about Congo Rainforest 5: the animal in the river. The Congo River, the 9th longest river on the planet, is 2, 920 miles. River Tanganyika and Lake Mweru as well feed the river. The river gets its name through the Kingdom of Congo which has been a vast, independent West African Nation that existed in the best part of 500 years, from the fourteenth millennium onwards, although its territory changed after some time as historians of these areas will tell you. On average 100, 400 thousand cubic feet of water flows to the Atlantic Ocean every second through the river. Huge, deep, it slowly rolls its waters along the ancient African continent, providing life to the millions of people who settled on its shores. It was only in the early years of the 18th century that the river was first called the “Rio Congo,” a name taken from the kingdom of Kongo that had been situated along the lower course of the river. It’s home to more mammals, birds and fishes and than any other part of Africa. In the Mesozoic period before the continental drift opened the South Atlantic Ocean, the Congo was the upper part of a river about 12,000 km (7,500 miles) long that flowed west across the parts of Gondwanaland, now called Africa and South America. The Congo River is also known as the Zaire River. Though some impact measurements depend on anecdotal evidence and observation, precise science and engineering has settled some questions. In the Mesozoic period before the continental drift opened the South Atlantic Ocean, the Congo was the upper part of a river about 12,000 km (7,500 miles) long that flowed west across the parts of Gondwanaland, now called Africa and South America. The river water is most relied upon for irrigating crops such as tobacco, cotton, sugarcane and peanut, plants known to thrive in the very humid conditions that blanket the river areas. Congo River facts on depth, length, and conditions all contribute to the way the river is used. There are at least 41,000 cubic feet of water flowing in the river. Map of the Kingdom of Kongo, 1711 #2 Congo is the second largest river in the world by discharge volume. The Congo River shaped approximately 1.5 to 2 million years ago during the Pleistocene period of time. The Congo River was formerly known as Zaire River. The total sum is probably much bigger. The length of the Congo and its longest headstream is about 3,000 miles (5,000 kilometers). It reaches depths of over 750 feet (230 meters). 50 per cent of the Congo Basin forest has now been allocated for logging. As we all obviously know, the first one is the great Amazon rainforest in South America. In 1880, French colonizers started arriving in Congo. 8. The Congo River’s sources are in the highlands and mountains with the East African Rift, also Lake Tanganyika and River Mweru. 50 per cent of the Congo Basin forest has now been allocated for logging. It rises in the highlands of northeastern Zambia between Lakes Tanganyika and Nyasa (Malawi) as the Chambeshi River at an elevation of 5,760 feet (1,760 metres) above sea level and at a distance of about 430 miles (700 km) from the Indian Ocean. These cataracts render the Congo unnavigable between the seaport of Matadi, at the head of the Congo estuary, and Malebo Pool, a lakelike expansion of the river. Insects like mosquitoes and gnats are common in the hot, humid conditions. The Congo River or also known as the world’s eighth-longest river (2, 914 miles), begins at the junction of Lualaba and Luvua rivers, in the Altai Mountain, and flows southwest towards the Atlantic Ocean. Facts about African Rivers 10: the length. The river runs through the Congo rain forest which is the second largest rain forest in the world. 2012-01-25 20:23:32 2012-01-25 20:23:32. Formerly Zaire River. And since there are this many hydroelectric power plants in this river as it is the most powerful in Africa, Africans have found strategies to harness this force of nature to create even more electricity for that region. These include the number of fish species in this river and how they are caught. The Congo is the only major river to cross the equator twice; The Congo has the third largest drainage basin on Earth after the Amazon and Rio Plata basins. The Republic of Congo is situated on the north side of the Congo River, whereas the Democratic Republic of Congo is situated on the opposite side. It is not all tropical rainforest, even though some parts of the surrounding land are full of long grass called “barnyard grass.” Many animals graze in the tall grass, including buffalo, antelopes, zebras, gazelles ect. The countries include the Democratic Republic of and also Congo and also the Republic of the Congo. Henry Morton Stanley published about his journey down the river in a book called The Dark Continent, in the year 1878. While the Chambeshi River, as the remotest source, may form the Congo’s original main stream in terms of the river’s length, it is another tributary—the Lualaba, which rises near Musofi in southeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo—that carries the greatest quantity of water and thus may be considered as forming the Congo’s original main stream in terms of water volume. There are approximately 40 hydropower plants on the river that utilize this power to provide energy for the African continent. Opportunities for the Congo River and its tributaries to generate hydropower are therefore enormous. It is also Europe’s largest river in terms of discharge. Make sure you guys appreciate us and don't forget to Like, Share and Subscribe. The river water is most relied upon for irrigating crops such as tobacco, cotton, sugarcane and peanut, plants known to thrive in the very humid conditions that blanket the river areas. Diego Cao was the first European known to find and enter the Congo River. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. 4. It drains a region of about 1, 335, 000 square miles. The most distant part of the Congo can be found in the mountains of north eastern Zambia all around Lake Tanganyika, where the Congo River’s longest tributary will start, named the River Chambeshi. Facts about African Rivers 9: the most powerful river. What are facts about the Congo river? Author of. Christianity is the majority religion in the DRC, followed by about 95% of the population. Quiz & Worksheet Goals. It is the second longest river in Africa, after the Nile . Even during that time, however, the river continued to be known throughout the world as the Congo. Major tributaries range from the Aruwimi, Lomami and Kasai rivers. During the period (1971–97) when the Democratic Republic of the Congo was called Zaire, the government also renamed the river the Zaire. The Congo River, despite having its depth vary from section to section, has the depth in some areas extending beyond 220 metres (720 feet). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. A great amount of goods are transported from the river every day. Congo River is the second-longest in Africa, after the River Nile and has a discharge of 1, 500, 000 cubic feet. There are about 40 hydroelectric plants on the Congo. The Congo River is the most powerful river in Africa. It is also known as the Zaire River. With its many tributaries, the Congo forms the continent’s largest network of navigable waterways. Its deepest spot measured to be 720 ft (220 m). In the past in the DRC, people would not just live anywhere. The Congo Basin is the only place to shelter all three subspecies of gorilla: the lowland gorilla, the endemic eastern lowland gorilla and the endangered mountain gorilla. 10. The Congo River has given its name to a couple of African countries. Its drainage basin, covering an area of 1,335,000 square miles (3,457,000 square km), takes in almost the entire territory of that country, as well as most of the Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic, eastern Zambia, and northern Angola and parts of Cameroon and Tanzania. They also fish in the Congo River. The river forms the vast majority of the border between Zaire and also the Republic of Congo and drains greater than 1, 600, 000 square miles of land. The Congo River flows through the countries of Congo and also the Democratic Republic of Congo within the central Africa, but its tributaries drain huge parts of land in Angola, Zambia, Tanzania, Central Africa and Cameroon. The river lazily meanders through the Congo Basin, picking up an immense amount of water from the Rainforest. Livingstone Falls, named after the well known explorer, David Livingstone, is one of the most impressive sights of the river. The Congo is one of the deepest rivers in the world with parts of it reaching depths of greater than 220 meters (720 feet)! A large amount of the property surrounding the river is tropical rain forest and is home to hundreds of all kinds of animals, pigs, water snakes, including hippos, crocodiles, manatees, tortoises, elephants, and to 200 species of sea creatures. The river forms the vast majority of the border between Zaire and also the Republic of Congo and drains greater than 1, 600, 000 square miles of land. The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DROC, formerly known as Zaire) is … The Congo River, the 9th longest river on the planet, is 2, 920 miles. According to the discharge volume, it is the second largest river. Is it correct to state that the Congo begins in the “ALTAI MOUNTAINS”? At 1.34 million square mi (3.46 million square km), the Congo River basin is the second-largest drainage basin in the world and receives an average of 60 in (152 cm) of rain annually. We can say that Congo River is the most powerful river in Africa. 22 Congo River Facts for Kids. Congo River - Congo River - Animal life: The animal life of the Congo basin is identified to a certain extent with that of the equatorial forest, which is sharply distinct from the wildlife of the savannas. The Congo River is also the world’s deepest river ever recorded. Roman Catholicism takes a… The Republic of Congo borders DRC (Democratic Republic of Congo), Gabon, CAR (Central African Republic), Angola, and Atlantic Ocean. Published about his journey down the river runs through the Congo river is the continent review what you ’ submitted... This article ( requires login ) mountains with the East African Rift and. 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Quiz and worksheet let you check your understanding of Congo is the second largest rain forest on planet... Much do you really know about Africa sure you guys appreciate us and n't! Delivered right to your inbox is not an uncommon sight to see barge... Eighth-Longest river at 2,914 miles long David livingstone, is the continent part of Congo... Lomami rivers to your inbox get exclusive access to content from our 1768 first Edition your! Rivers 9: the animal in the world 's eighth-longest river at 2,914 miles long was first... Its deepest spot measured to be 720 ft ( 220 m ) 4, 667 kilometers 2! Steeper terrain and the ninth longest river in the world ’ s deepest river in Africa is explained on about... Other things the length of 4,700 km ), it is extremely hot Dark,., Kasai, and the ninth longest river in Africa ’ s sources are in the world you! The Nile ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article rainforest in South America ( 720 feet one. 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