On September 30, 1206, a small child was born to Sultan ul Ulama, Baha Uddin Walad, and Muimina Khatun in the city of Balkh (present-day Afghanistan) on the Anatolian Peninsula. Die griechischen Verse in Rabâbnâma. Mewlana had been spontaneously composing ghazals (Persian poems), and these had been collected in the Divan-i Kabir or Diwan Shams Tabrizi. His father named him Jalal Uddin. در شیوهی عشق خویش و بیگانه یکی است But when Rumi was devastated by this incident, his eldest son Sultan Walad was forced to bring him back to Konya. Sometimes he hears the sound of a shepherd’s flute, sometimes he hears the sound of a drum, sometimes he hears the sound of a goldsmith’s hammer. While still a teacher. , Rumi was born to native Persian-speaking parents, originally from the Balkh, in present-day Afghanistan. , One of the greatest living authorities on Rûmî in Persia today, Hâdî Hâ'irî, has shown in an unpublished work that some 6,000 verses of the Dîwân and the Mathnawî are practically direct translations of Qur'ânic verses into Persian poetry. حملهٔ دیگر بمیرم از بشر Personally, I think the idea of Rumi and Shams being gay is one big contemporary projection. " Attar gave the boy his Asrārnāma, a book about the entanglement of the soul in the material world. Rumi smiled and took out a piece of paper on which were written the opening eighteen lines of his Masnavi, beginning with: Listen to the reed and the tale it tells, پس عدم گردم عدم چون ارغنون Background and early life. The most complete genealogy offered for the family stretches back to six or seven generations to famous Hanafi jurists.. He mingled with people of all levels. He sees Rumi walking behind his father and says, “A sea is going behind a lake.” He presented Rumi with a book on the spirit of the hereafter, Asarnama. The full name of this Director & Screenwriter is Rumi Jaffery. They had two sons: Sultan Walad and Ala-eddin Chalabi. He writes, “When you left, blood flowed through my eyes. After a while, by the end of 1247, Hazrat Shams was married to Kimia, a young woman who’d grown up in Mawlana Rumi's household. Brill, 2007.  According to Annemarie Schimmel, the tendency among Shia authors to anachronistically include leading mystical poets such as Rumi and Attar among their own ranks, became stronger after the introduction of Twelver Shia as the state religion in the Safavid Empire in 1501.. Shams Tabrizi first saw Rumi when Rumi was 21 years old, and he saw Rumi and realized that Rumi could be his worthy disciple and representative, who could fully comprehend his spiritual knowledge and abilities.  His father was also connected to the spiritual lineage of Najm al-Din Kubra. He also mentions Rumi composed thirteen lines in Greek (Franklin Lewis. Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Rūmī (Persian: جلالالدین محمد رومی), also known as Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Balkhī (جلالالدین محمد بلخى), Mevlânâ/Mawlānā (مولانا, "our master"), Mevlevî/Mawlawī (مولوی, "my master"), and more popularly simply as Rumi (30 September 1207 – 17 December 1273), was a 13th-century Persian poet, Hanafi faqih, Islamic scholar, Maturidi theologian, and Sufi mystic originally from Greater Khorasan in Greater Iran. Rumi's poetry is often divided into various categories: the quatrains (rubayāt) and odes (ghazal) of the Divan, the six books of the Masnavi. According to hagiographical account which is not agreed upon by all Rumi scholars, Rumi encountered one of the most famous mystic Persian poets, Attar, in the Iranian city of Nishapur, located in the province of Khorāsān. On 13 December 1925, a law was passed closing all the tekkes (dervish lodges) and zāwiyas (chief dervish lodges), and the centres of veneration to which visits (ziyārat) were made.  The 13th century Mevlâna Mausoleum, with its mosque, dance hall, schools and living quarters for dervishes, remains a destination of pilgrimage to this day, and is probably the most popular pilgrimage site to be regularly visited by adherents of every major religion.  His works are widely read today in their original language across Greater Iran and the Persian-speaking world. So when Rumi reaches the age of forty and he becomes qualified to hold that spirituality, Shams Tabrizi finds him again. Indeed, it was so intense that when Tabrizi mysteriously disappeared, Rumi went in quest of him until he finally realized that the other whom he was seeking was, at … He is widely known by the sobriquet Mawlānā/Molānā (Persian: مولانا Persian pronunciation: [moulɒːnɒ]) in Iran and popularly known as Mevlânâ in Turkey. Chopra, Iran Society, Kolkata (2007). His Masnavi (Mathnawi), composed in Konya, is considered one of the greatest poems of the Persian language. The voice then said, "The one you seek is Jalal ud-Din of Konya." Meyer, G. 1895. His projection of love is probably the most well known and something that everybody can connect to. Rumi's works are written mostly in Persian, but occasionally he also used Turkish, Arabic, and Greek in his verse. The sorrows grew bigger and bigger, sorrow was born. Class inequality did not find a place in him. He saw nature as a reflection of God’s love and was inspired to compose ghazals. Peacock, Anatolian Studies, Vol. So from this it is understood that Rumi’s life in Konya was going very well. So, I went to the temple and did not find him. This was clearly an intense personal and spiritual relationship that brought out new aspects of Rumi’s own spirituality and inspired his poetry. His shrine or green shrine in Konya is still considered a place of pilgrimage for followers of various religions, especially Muslims in Turkestan.  Iranian musician Shahram Nazeri was awarded the Légion d'honneur and Iran's House of Music Award in 2007 for his renowned works on Rumi masterpieces. those fish of the pure sea of Majesty. His essence speaks through me. He was buried in Konya, and his shrine became a place of pilgrimage. " Rumi's longing and desire to attain this ideal is evident in the following poem from his book the Masnavi:, از جمادی مُردم و نامی شدم He was buried in Konya next to his father. Then I looked for him in my heart and found him there.”. Franklin also points out that: "Living among Turks, Rumi also picked up some colloquial Turkish. I died to the vegetal state and reached animality, I am the dust on the path of Muhammad, the Chosen one. , In the 1950s, the Turkish government began allowing the Whirling Dervishes to perform once a year in Konya. So the poems written by Rumi are basically the poems of Shams Tabrizi. “Persian Poetry, Sufism and Ismailism: The Testimony of Khwajah Qasim Tushtari's Recognizing God.”, Franklin D. Lewis, Rumi: Past and Present, East and West: The Life, Teaching, and Poetry of Jalâl al-Din Rumi, rev. And during this migration, all the famous sages of that time started meeting Rumi. On the night of 5 December 1248, as Rumi and Shams were talking, Shams was called to the back door. Several years after the death of Shams Tabrizi, Rumi rekindled a close friendship with a goldsmith named Salauddin Jacob. His first son, Sultan Walad, was born in Larada. Rumi married and had a son, who later wrote his biography. It was from these ideas that the practice of whirling Dervishes developed into a ritual form. ), Banknote Museum: 7. Come, and come yet again. Jalal Uddin Rumi died shortly after writing Masnavi. That is why it is not possible to tie Jalal Uddin Muhammad Rumi to any particular race or group, because he speaks to the hearts of people all over the world, and he feels everything with his heart. Poetry is a deep and meaningful way to convey the heart’s deepest feelings and Rumi’s quotes and poems are truly beautiful. A Reply to Misunderstandings about Rumi and Shams by Ibrahim Gamard (1/01) You asked about the relationship between Hazrat-e Mevlana and Hz. ", (Ritter, H.; Bausani, A. Syed Burhan Uddin Mohakkiki, a student of Rumi Bahauddin, studied Islamic Sharia and Sufism with Tirmizi for nine consecutive years and at one point became the chief judge of the Konya Mosque. ", Many of Rumi's poems suggest the importance of outward religious observance and the primacy of the Qur'an. Rumi belongs to the class of Islamic philosophers which include Ibn Arabi and Mulla Sadra. Her dancing was a kind of worship to her. In Rumi's terms, tawhid is lived most fully through love, with the connection being made explicit in his verse that describes love as "that flame which, when it blazes up, burns away everything except the Everlasting Beloved. Seeing her dance, it seemed that she had gone to another world in the middle of the dance, she had no connection with the real world. So they kept threatening Shams Tabrizi and Tabrizi also left Konya and went to Damascus at one stage. Following this dance, Sultan Walad later performed a special dance in honor of his father, in which one person is placed in the center as a metaphor for Rumi and the others revolve around him, as the planets revolve around the sun. Then I will become non-existent; non-existence says to me (in tones) like an organ, Book first, together with some account of the life and acts of the Author, of his ancestors, and of his descendants, illustrated by a selection of characteristic anecdotes, as collected by their historian, Mevlâna Shemsu'd-dīn Ahmed el-Eflākī el-'Arifī, https://www.thepoetryexchange.co.uk/the-guest-house-by-rumi, The metaphysics of Rumi: A critical and historical sketch, Reading Mystical Lyric: The Case of Jalal al-Din Rumi, The Mysteries of the Universe and Rumi's Discoveries on the Majestic Path of Love, Encyclopedia of the Hellenic World – Asia Minor, Poems by Rumi in English at the Academy of American Poets, 2016 international conference on Sunni Islam in Grozny, Abū Muḥrīz Jahm ibn Ṣafwān ar-Rāsibī as-Samarqāndī at-Tirmidhī, Abu’l-Hassan Muqātil ibn Sulaymān ibn Bashīr al-Azdī, Abū Ishāq Ibrāhīm ibn Sayyār ibn Hāni’ an-Nazzām, Abū Alī Muḥāmmad ibn Abdi’l-Wahhāb ibn Sallām al-Jubbā'ī, Abū Uthmān Amr ibn Bhār ibn Māhbūb al-Jāhiz al-Kinānī, List of contemporary Muslim scholars of Islam, Abū Abdi’l-Lāh Ahmad ibn Abī Du'ad Faraj ibn Carīr ibn Mâlik al-Iyādī, Inscription of Xerxes the Great in Van Fortress, Achaemenid inscription in the Kharg Island, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rumi&oldid=991619227, Articles containing Persian-language text, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles having same image on Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles containing Turkish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Rumi's Tasawwuf and Vedanta by R.M. His various ghazals and four-line poems reflect different levels of his love for Shams. A hagiographical account of him is described in Shams ud-Din Ahmad Aflāki's Manāqib ul-Ārifīn (written between 1318 and 1353). Rumi died on 17 December 1273 in Konya. Rumi had at least 1 relationship in the past. He married Shams to Kimia, his young stepdaughter who grew up in Rumi’s household. … Of the four canonical schools of Sunni Islam, the family adhered to the relatively liberal, H. Crane "Notes on Saldjūq Architectural Patronage in Thirteenth Century Anatolia,", Franklin Lewis, Rumi: Past and Present, East and West, Oneworld Publications, 2008 (revised edition). An evocative poem, doused in imagery, this one will tie in beautifully with the vows of a couple who love to cook or travel together. At first, he could not believe that Shams Tabrizi was dead. Hence we tend to be overly skeptical, distrustful. Many times they see different differences and variations among themselves. Rumi's public life then began: he became an Islamic Jurist, issuing fatwas and giving sermons in the mosques of Konya. Rumi's love for, and his bereavement at the death of, Shams found their expression in an outpouring of lyric poems, Divan-e Shams-e Tabrizi. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Note: Rumi's shrine is now known as the "Mevlâna Museum" in Turkey. On 1 May 1228, most likely as a result of the insistent invitation of 'Ala' ud-Din The fresh language and rhythm of Rumi’s poems easily took place in people’s minds. Tahsin Yazıcı, Ankara 1953, i, Önsöz, 44). Franklin Lewis, Rumi: Past and Present, East and West, Oneworld Publications, 2000. We do not learn the name of Baha al-Din's mother in the sources, only that he referred to her as "Māmi" (colloquial Persian for Māma), and that she was a simple woman who lived to the 1200s. His father's friend Burhan al-Din arrived and for nine years taught Rumi Sufism. Towards the end of 1247, Shams Tabrizi got married to a young woman who had been raised in Rumi’s household. Several of his letters to different people at different times have also been found. He is most commonly called Rumi in English.  Rumi's poetry is displayed on the walls of many cities across Iran, sung in Persian music, and read in school books.. He is not a Prophet but has come with a book; Sometimes a shoemaker, sometimes a goldsmith would become his intimate friend. How is it that a Persian boy born almost eight hundred years ago in Khorasan, the northeastern province of greater Iran, in a region that we identify today as Central Asia, but was considered in those days as part of the Greater Persian cultural sphere, wound up in Central Anatolia on the receding edge of the Byzantine cultural sphere, in which is now Turkey, من چه گویم وصف آن عالیجناب — نیست پیغمبر ولی دارد کتاب, مثنوی معنوی مولوی — هست قرآن در زبان پهلوی. Ποίηματα του Μαυλανά Ρουμή [Poems by Rumi]. Abū Abdirrahmān Bishr ibn Ghiyāth ibn Abī Karīma al-Marīsī al-Baghdādī (, Abū Muḥāmmad (Abū’l-Hākem) Heshām ibn Sālem al-Jawālikī al-, Abū Mūsā Isā ibn Subeyh (Sabīh) al-Murdār al-Bāsrī (Murdārīyya), Hīshām ibn Amr al-Fuwātī ash-Shaybānī (Hīshāmīyya), Abū Sahl Abbād ibn Sulaimān (Salmān) as-Sāymarī, Abū’l-Hūsayn Abdūrrāhīm ibn Muḥāmmad ibn Uthmān al-Hayyāt (Hayyātīyya), Abū Amr Ḍirār ibn Amr al-Gatafānī al-Kūfī (Ḍirārīyya), Abū ʿAbdillāh al-Husayn ibn Muḥāmmad ibn ʿAbdillāh an-Najjār ar-Rāzī, Abū ʿAbdallāh Ibnū’z-Zā‘farānī (Zā‘farānīyya), Abū ʿAbdillāh Muḥāmmad ibn Karrām ibn Arrāk ibn Huzāba ibn al-Barā’ as-Sijjī, Haisamīyya (Abū ʿAbdallāh Muhammad ibn al-Haisam), Ishāqīyya (Abū Yaʿqūb Ishāq ibn Mahmashādh), Tarā'ifīyya (Ahmad ibn ʿAbdūs at-Tarā'ifī), Abū Abdillāh Mugīre ibn Sāīd al-ʿIjlī el-Bajalī, Abū Amr (Abū Mu‘tamīr) Muāmmar ibn Abbād as-Sūlamī, Abū Sahl Bīshr ibn al-Mu‘tamīr al-Hilālī al-Baghdādī, Abū Hāshīm Abdu’s-Salām ibn Muḥāmmad ibn Abdi’l-Wahhāb al-Jubbā'ī, Abū’l-Huzayl Muḥāmmad ibn al-Huzayl ibn Abdillāh al-Allāf al-Abdī al-Bāsrī, Abū Ma‘n Sūmāma ibn Ashras an-Nūmayrī al-Bāsrī al-Baghdādī, Abū Bakr Muḥāmmad ibn Abdillāh ibn Shabīb al-Basrī, Abū’l-Kāsīm Abdullāh ibn Ahmad ibn Māhmūd al-Balhī al-Kā‘bī, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 00:19. In Afghanistan, Rumi is known as Mawlānā, in Turkey as Mevlâna, and in Iran as Molavī. However, their home was not in the actual city of Balkh, since the mid-eighth century a center of Muslim culture in (Greater) Khorasan (Iran and Central Asia). A voice said to him, "What will you give in return?"  Translations of his works are very popular, most notably in Turkey, Azerbaijan, the United States, and South Asia. His first marriage was to a woman named Gowhar Khatun in 1225. Hearing his every word, it seemed that these were not ordinary languages, but translations of every human heartbeat, the language of every human heart. his nationality is Indian by birth. His teachings became the base for the order of the Mevlevi, which his son Sultan Walad organised. Rumi believed passionately in the use of music, poetry and dance as a path for reaching God.  These transcendental philosophers are often studied together in traditional schools of irfan, philosophy and theosophy throughout the Muslim world.. Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Recordings of Rumi poems have made it to the USA's Billboard's Top 20 list. He married his 12-year-old honest daughter Kimia Khatun to 60-year-old Shams Tabrizi. Rather, as Meier has shown, it was in the small town of Wakhsh north of the Oxus that Baha'uddin Walad, Jalaluddin's father, lived and worked as a jurist and preacher with mystical inclinations. In the interpretation attributed to Shams, the first part of the verse commands the humanity to seek knowledge of tawhid (oneness of God), while the second instructs them to negate their own existence. That is why he said, Rumi often went to enjoy the natural beauty with his followers. Rumi married the daughter of Salauddin Jacob to his eldest son. His death was mourned by the diverse community of Konya, with local Christians and Jews joining the crowd that converged to bid farewell as his body was carried through the city. تا برآرم از ملائک بال و پر How it sings of separation.... Then Rumi did a strange thing to keep Shams Tabrizi in Konya. , "I "sewed" my two eyes shut from [desires for] this world and the next – this I learned from Muhammad.". "RUMI: His Teachings And Philosophy" by R.M. His full name is Jalāl ad-Dīn Muḥammad Balkhī (Persian: جلالالدین محمد بلخى) or Jalāl ad-Dīn Muḥammad Rūmī (جلالالدین محمد رومی). , I am the servant of the Qur'an as long as I have life. So he writes. …  For example, Professor Franklin Lewis of the University of Chicago, author of the most complete biography on Rumi, has separate sections for the hagiographical biography of Rumi and the actual biography about him. گویدم که انا الیه راجعون. It is the aim of the Mawlana Rumi Review to redress this carelessly inattentive approach to world literature, which is something far more serious than a minor faux pas committed by the Western literary imagination.". Emission Group—Five Thousand Turkish Lira—. May the shade of his good fortune shine upon everyone! The key personal event in Rumi’s life was clearly his meeting and friendship with the Sufi dervish Shams-e Tabrizi in the years 1244–1248. Hadi Sabzavari, one of Iran's most important 19th-century philosophers, makes the following connection between the Masnavi and Islam, in the introduction to his philosophical commentary on the book: It is a commentary on the versified exegesis [of the Qur’ān] and its occult mystery, since all of it [all of the Mathnawī] is, as you will see, an elucidation of the clear verses [of the Qur’ān], a clarification of prophetic utterances, a glimmer of the light of the luminous Qur’ān, and burning embers irradiating their rays from its shining lamp. How can I cry now without eyes dear! (Franklin Lewis, "Rumi: Past and Present, East and West: The Life, Teachings and Poetry of Jalal al-Din Rumi," One World Publication Limited, 2008). Rumi's work has been translated into many of the world's languages, including Russian, German, Urdu, Turkish, Arabic, Bengali, French, Italian, and Spanish, and is being presented in a growing number of formats, including concerts, workshops, readings, dance performances, and other artistic creations. In truth, the pearly verse of the poem combines the Canon Law of Islam (sharīʿa) with the Sufi Path (ṭarīqa) and the Divine Reality (ḥaqīqa); the author’s [Rūmī] achievement belongs to God in his bringing together of the Law (sharīʿa), the Path, and the Truth in a way that includes critical intellect, profound thought, a brilliant natural temperament, and integrity of character that is endowed with power, insight, inspiration, and illumination. Brill, 2009.  His poetry has influenced not only Persian literature, but also the literary traditions of the Ottoman Turkish, Chagatai, Urdu and Pashto languages. Nicholson’s text has 25,577 lines though the average medieval and early modern manuscripts contained around 27,000 lines, meaning the scribes added two thousand lines or about eight percent more to the poem composed by Rumi. In the West, we don’t really have a tradition of the guru/disciple relationship we see in Sufism, Tantra and other ecstatic traditions of the East.  In regards to this, Rumi states: "The Light of Muhammad does not abandon a Zoroastrian or Jew in the world. Jalāl al-Dīn Rūmī b. Bahā’ al-Dīn Walad b. Ḥusayn b. The most complete genealogy offered for family stretches back only six or seven generations and cannot reach to Abu Bakr, the companion and first caliph of the Prophet, who died two years after the Prophet, in C.E. Once again, the style of Rumi as lecturer or orator in these discourses does not reflect an audience of great intellectual pretensions, but rather middle-class men and women, along with number of statesmen and rulers”” (Franklin Lewis, Rumi: Past and Present, East and West, Oneworld Publications, 2008 (revised edition). Once again I will become sacrificed from (the state of) the angel, I am quit of him and outraged by these words. Many times they see different differences and variations among themselves. He also uses the pseudonym ‘Shams’ in his numerous poems, the compilation of which is called ‘Dewane Shams’. You left, how can I cry now? , On 30 September 2007, Iranian school bells were rung throughout the country in honour of Mewlana. Not, of course, that being gay itself is a problem, but in this case I think it is unlikely. The centre for the Mevlevi was in Konya. Truly, to Him is our return. وز ملک هم بایدم جستن ز جو 54, (2004), 97; With the growth of Seljuk power in Rum, a more highly developed Muslim cultural life, based on the Persianate culture of the Great Seljuk court, was able to take root in Anatolia. There are many traces of 13th century Sufism in the middle of Masnavi. , The Afghan Ministry of Culture and Youth established a national committee, which organised an international seminar to celebrate the birth and life of the great ethical philosopher and world-renowned poet. It’s not just that you’re gone, it’s with you.” My eyes are gone too. At his suggestion, Rumi started writing his most popular book, Masnavi. They would fill their hearts from your work and compose music to accompany it." From an accomplished teacher and jurist, Rumi was transformed into an ascetic. Apart from Muslims, people of other religions also respected him. She was the one who sponsored the construction of his tomb in Konya. Δέδες, Δ. A selection of American author Deepak Chopra's editing of the translations by Fereydoun Kia of Rumi's love poems has been performed by Hollywood personalities such as Madonna, Goldie Hawn, Philip Glass and Demi Moore. The home town of this person is Mumbai, India. 60. As such, there are a number of historical personages born in or associated with Anatolia known as Rumi, a word borrowed from Arabic literally meaning 'Roman,' in which context Roman refers to subjects of the Byzantine Empire or simply to people living in or things associated with Anatolia. Rumi was born to native Persian-speaking parents, originally from the Balkh, in present-day Afghanistan. The migrating caravan then passed through Damascus, Malatya, Erzincan, Sivas, Kayseri and Nigde. Baha' ud-Din became the head of a madrassa (religious school) and when he died, Rumi, aged twenty-five, inherited his position as the Islamic molvi. One day, the two of them were wandering through the Meram vineyards outside Konya when Hussam described to Rumi an idea he had had: "If you were to write a book like the Ilāhīnāma of Sanai or the Mantiq ut-Tayr of 'Attar, it would become the companion of many troubadours. It seemed Rumi had become quite impervious to all the perils. If anyone quotes anything except this from my sayings, As respects to hunting through the treasure-trove of the Qur’ān, one can find in it [the Mathnawī] all [the Qur’ān’s] ancient philosophical wisdom; it [the Mathnawī] is all entirely eloquent philosophy. This meeting had a deep impact on the eighteen-year-old Rumi and later on became the inspiration for his works. Love is the astrolabe of God's mysteries. "ḎJalāl al- Dīn Rūmī b. Bahāʾ al-Dīn Sulṭān al-ʿulamāʾ Walad b. Ḥusayn b. Aḥmad Ḵhaṭībī ." The use of its various metaphors and the variability of concepts often puzzle readers. C.E. 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