For myself their "realistic evaluation" clarified and formalised a jumbled set of ideas I had already been developing. To calculate the overall star rating and percentage breakdown by star, we don’t use a simple average. Realistic Evaluation builds a rational evaluation paradigm from this context based view of efficacy and in doing so provides a rational counterpoint to those who want to misapply evaluation science in an effort to distill some ubiquitous and irrational concept of evidence based truth to a much too complex reality. This is a useful resource for those venturing into program evaluation, particularly in the health field. The authors call this new approach `realistic evaluation′. Justin Jagosh is an independent consultant, mentor and trainer for Realist Methodology in the tradition of Pawson and Tilley. The charge, however, remains. Written by the authors most associated with RE, this piece describes the RE method in the context of regional blood donation practices. Ray Pawson and Nicholas Tilley argue with passion that scientific evaluation requires a careful blend of theory and method, quality and quantity, ambition and realism. SAGE Stock Take: Please be aware SAGE Distribution (including Customer Services) will be closed from 25th-30th November. ... Pawson, R. and N. Tilley (1997) Realistic Evaluation. I found Pawson and Tilley's latest work on evaluation an enjoyable and informative read. REALIST EVALUATION •Drawn from Pawson and Tilley’s ’Realistic Evaluation’ (1997) •Realism is a school of philosophy and sits between positivism and constructivism •A member of the family of theory-based evaluation approaches - start by clarifying the ‘program theory’ The Pawson and Tilley "realist" call to arms threatens to take no prisoners among experimentalists, constructivists or pluralists. The nature, presentation and use of findings from realist evaluation 6. Although not everyone will agree with the methodology proposed by the authors, this book is a valuable read as it will cause most of us at least to review our methodological stance' - International Journal of Police Science and Management, `This is an engaging book with a strong sense of voice and communicative task. Reviewed in the United Kingdom on February 21, 2018, Reviewed in the United Kingdom on March 19, 2013. You're listening to a sample of the Audible audio edition. Ray Pawson and Nicholas Tilley argue with passion that scientific evaluation requires a careful blend of theory and method, quality and quantity, ambition and realism. The book offers a complete blueprint for evaluation activities, running from design to data collection and analysis to the cumulation of findings across programmes and onto the realization of research into policy. The Pawson and Tilley "realist" call to arms threatens to take no prisoners among experimentalists, constructivists or pluralists. Notes on contributor. The authors relay six articles that address different ways of acquiring and distributing blood. Pawson and Tilley have given us a wise, witty and persuasive account of how real practitioner experience might be encouraged to intrude on (and modify) researchers′ concepts about program processes and outcomes. Its communicative qualities are evident equally in its structure: lots of signposting for the reader within and across chapters' - Language Teaching Research, `This provocative, elegant and highly insightful book focuses on the effective incorporation of actual practice into the formulation of evaluation methodology. Realist Evaluation, Ray Pawson Nick Tilley, Introduction. Ray Pawson and Nicholas Tilley argue with passion that scientific evaluation requires a careful blend of theory and method, quality and quantity, ambition and realism. Pawson, by his own admission, does not claim that realist evaluation is perfect and mentions a number of difficulties that arise when trying to apply realist principles . Instead, our system considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought the item on Amazon. 1 The nature of programmes and how they work, 2 Basic concepts in the explanation and understanding of programmes. Well inhabit a world where few things are absolute out of their contexts. Ray Pawson and Nicholas Tilley argue with passion that scientific evaluation requires a careful blend of theory and method, quality and quantity, ambition and realism. `This is an engaging book with a strong sense of voice and communicative task. The reasons for the little terminological switch are, by the way, set down in the first page of that volume. Basic concepts in the explanation and understanding of programmes 3. Please try again. Realist evaluations are based on a particular philosophy (realism). Pawson and Tilley have given us a wise, witty and persuasive account of how real practitioner experience might be encouraged to intrude on (and modify) researchers' concepts about program processes and outcomes. Contents: Introduction 1. The realist approach, proposed in 1997 by the sociologists Pawson and Tilley [ 9 ], is increasingly attracting attention from researchers in evaluation [ 10, 11 ]. This book will be essential reading for all those involved in the evaluation process especially those researchers, students and practitioners in the core disciplines of sociology, social policy, criminology, health and education. The main body of this book is devoted to the articulation of a new evaluation paradigm, which promises greater validity and utility from the findings of evaluation studies. Although not everyone will agree with the methodology proposed by the authors, this book is a valuable read as it will cause most of us at least to review our methodological stance' - International Journal of Police Science and Management. 5 The nature presentation and use of findings from realist evaluation. The name reflects the paradigm's foundation in scientific realist philosophy, its commitment to the idea that programmes deal with real problems rather than mere social constructions, and its primary intention, which is to inform realistic developments in policy making that benefit programme participants and the public. The nature of programmes and how they work 2. Although theory-driven evaluation may not be associated with any particular ideology or philosophy , in their seminal work, Pawson and Tilley describe realist evaluation (RE) as an explanation-driven, generic approach to evaluation grounded in scientific realism . There was a problem loading your book clubs. This holds important promise for achieving something that is devoutly to be wished: closer interaction among at least some researchers and some policy makers' - Eleanor Chelimsky, Past-President of the American Evaluation Association, `This is a sustained methodological argument by two wordly-wise social scientists. The Pawson and Tilley "realist" call to arms threatens to take no prisoners among experimentalists, constructivists or pluralists. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. It is the kind of book that clarifies your thoughts, even when you disagree with everything they say' - Elliot Stern, The … Service will resume on the 1st December. The Pawson and Tilley "realist" call to arms threatens to take no prisoners among experimentalists, constructivists or pluralists. Mechanisms in Pawson and Tilley’s realist evaluation. Realist evaluation is a form of theory-driven evaluation, but is set apart by its explicit philosophical underpinnings. The voice is sometimes strident, but always clear. Pawson & Tilley (1997) describe the procedure followed in the implementation of realist evaluation techniques in programme evaluation and emphasise that once hypotheses have been generated and data collected, the outcomes of the programme are explored, focusing on the groups that the programme benefitted and those who did not benefit. It presents a profound yet highly readable critique of current evaluation practice, and goes on to introduce a `manifesto' and `handbook' for a fresh approach. There was an error retrieving your Wish Lists. Evaluation 2002 8: 2, 157-181 Download Citation. Unashamedly intellectual, theoretically ambitious yet with a clear but bounded conception of evaluation. Pawson and Tilley camp. Something went wrong. The book offers a complete blueprint for evaluation activities, running from design to data collection and analysis to the cumulation of findings across programmes and onto the realization of research into policy. The book offers a complete blueprint for evaluation activities, running from design to data collection and analysis to the cumulation of findings across programmes and onto the realization of research into policy. Resources list on 'realist' evaluation Introduction Realist evaluation is a valuable method for addressing the complexity of social programmes. Am J Eval. What a pleasure to read sentences like: "The research act involves "learning" a stakeholder's theories, formalizing them, and "teaching" them back to that informant who is then in a position to comment upon, clarify and further refine the key ideas". Ray Pawson. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Realistic Evaluation by Nick Tilley and Ray Pawson (1997, Trade Paperback) at the best online prices at … The Science of Evaluation: A Realist Manifesto, Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs for Generalized Causal Inference, Qualitative Research Design: An Interactive Approach (Applied Social Research Methods), Case Study Research and Applications: Design and Methods, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (50th Anniversary Edition), Reliability and Validity Assessment (Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences), `This book is a must for those engaged in the field, providing a fully illustrated text on evaluation with numerous examples from the criminal justice system. Brilliant boook. The book offers a complete blueprint for evaluation activities, running from design to data collection and analysis to the cumulation of findings across programmes and onto the realization of research into policy. Our payment security system encrypts your information during transmission. Please try again. It is articulate, occasionally eloquent and always iconoclastic, whilst eschewing "paradigm wars". We don’t share your credit card details with third-party sellers, and we don’t sell your information to others. There's a problem loading this menu right now. If you have not reset your password since 2017, please use the 'forgot password' link below to reset your password and access your SAGE online account. Realistic evaluation is a form of evaluation that is driven by theory, and was based by Pawson and Tilley ( 1997 ) on the philosophy of critical realism. Please refer to our updated inspection copy policy for details. bought to replace a text I had borrowed from a colleague. Pawson and Tilley argue persuasively and passionately that scientific evaluation requires a careful blend of theory and method, quality and quantity, ambition and realism. Strategies and methods of realist evaluation 4. We work hard to protect your security and privacy. The book offers a complete blueprint for evaluation activities, covering design to data collection and analysis to the accumulation of findings across programs and onto the realization of research into policy. Hello, would you like to continue browsing the SAGE website? Ray Pawson and Nicholas Tilley argue with passion that scientific evaluation requires a careful blend of theory and method, quality and quantity, ambition and realism. The Pawson and Tilley "realist" call to arms threatens to take no prisoners among experimentalists, constructivists or pluralists. Pawson R, Tilley N. Realistic Evaluation Bloodlines. Ray Pawson and Nicholas Tilley argue with passion that scientific evaluation requires a careful blend of theory and method, quality and quantity, ambition and realism. is a professor in the UCL Department of Security and Crime Science, Emeritus Professor of Sociology at Nottingham Trent University, and an adjunct professor at the Griffith Criminology Institute in Brisbane. Ray Pawson Nick Tilley. Tilley and Pawson (1997) developed a model of theory driven evaluation called 'realistic evaluation' that was centred on finding not only what outcomes were produced from interventions but also 'how they are produced, and what is significant about the varying conditions in the which the interventions take place' (Tilley, 2000). The main body of this book is devoted to the articulation of a new evaluation paradigm, which promises greater validity and utility from the findings of evaluation studies. Ray Pawson and Nicholas Tilley argue with passion that scientific evaluation requires a careful blend of theory and method, quality and quantity, ambition and realism. 20. highly recommend this to anyone seeking to evaluate services . Find all the books, read about the author, and more. For myself their `realistic evaluation′ clarified and formalised a jumbled set of ideas I had already been developing. 3 Strategies and methods of realist evaluation, 4 Realism s place in the policy cycle formative summative and synthetic approaches. An Introduction to Scientific Realist Evaluation. Please try again. `This book is a must for those engaged in the field, providing a fully illustrated text on evaluation with numerous examples from the criminal justice system. Unashamedly intellectual, theoretically ambitious yet with a clear but bounded conception of evaluation. Specific interests lie in evaluation methodology, the international crime drop, problem-oriented policing, and situational crime prevention, about all of which he has published extensively. It is the kind of book that clarifies your thoughts, even when you disagree with everything they say′ - Elliot Stern, The Tavistock Institute London: Sage. His academic work has been devoted to developing and delivering theoretically informed applied social science. The designers of realist evaluations have developed some key assumptions, based on this philosophy. Claiming to be a “realist” can sometimes feel like choosing to bat on the side of the “good.” Too many people, in too many walks of life, have argued for their cause under the banner of “realism” for … I found Pawson and Tilley′s latest work on evaluation an enjoyable and informative read. For more information contact your, Due to the current restrictions in place, our inspection copy policy has changed. Unusually, it offers something for the academic, practitioner and student alike. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device required. Pawson and Tilley (1997) developed the first realist evaluation approach, although other interpretations have been developed since. The authors lead us into their views of realist evaluation providing the history, and introducing case studies to explain different aspects of realistic evaluation. To get the free app, enter your mobile phone number. The authors call this new approach `realistic evaluation'. Transcription. Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. Its communicative qualities are evident equally in its structure: lots of signposting for the reader within and across chapters′ - Language Teaching Research, `This provocative, elegant and highly insightful book focuses on the effective incorporation of actual practice into the formulation of evaluation methodology. 2001;22(3):317-324. April 1997 | 256 pages | SAGE Publications Ltd, School of Applied Social Sciences, Durham University, This book is not available as an inspection copy. It is the kind of book that clarifies your thoughts, even when you disagree with everything they say' - Elliot Stern, The Tavistock Institute, `This book is a must for those engaged in the field, providing a fully illustrated text on evaluation with numerous examples from the criminal justice system. What a pleasure to read sentences like: "The research act involves "learning" a stakeholder′s theories, formalizing them, and "teaching" them back to that informant who is then in a position to comment upon, clarify and further refine the key ideas". Please try your request again later. The argument is developed using practical examples throughout and is grounded in the major fields of programme evaluation. The name reflects the paradigm′s foundation in scientific realist philosophy, its commitment to the idea that programmes deal with real problems rather than mere social constructions, and its primary intention, which is to inform realistic developm. Critical realism is an important perspective in modern philosophy and social science, but it is largely absent in the field of healthcare research. I recommend it highly but given the breadth of topics on the course it should be considered supplementary reading, rather than recommended. It also analyzes reviews to verify trustworthiness. In order to navigate out of this carousel please use your heading shortcut key to navigate to the next or previous heading. Your recently viewed items and featured recommendations, Select the department you want to search in. Although not everyone will agree with the methodology proposed by the authors, this book is a valuable read as it will cause most of us at least to review our methodological stance′ -. Please refer to our updated, Research Methods, Statistics & Evaluation. See our resources page for information, support and best practices. Top subscription boxes – right to your door, © 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. The realist evaluation approach was first developed by Pawson and Tilley (1997) and has since been adapted in many different ways. (2015) succinctly summarized the version of mechanism promoted by Pawson and Tilley in realist evaluation work as “a combination of resources offered by the social programme under study and stakeholders’ reasoning in response” (p. 3). The voice is sometimes strident, but always clear. It is the kind of book that clarifies your thoughts, even when you disagree with everything they say′ - Elliot Stern, The Tavistock Institute. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on download. This does not quite bracket me with the technical nerds, however, for I have written widely on the philosophy and practice of research, covering methods qualitative and quantitative, pure and applied, contemporaneous and historical. (PDF) Realistic evaluation: by Ray Pawson and Nick Tilley, Sage Publications, 1997, 235 pp | Patricia Rogers - Academia.edu Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Some of these are set out in the box Prime members enjoy FREE Delivery and exclusive access to music, movies, TV shows, original audio series, and Kindle books. The term ‘realist evaluation’ is drawn from Pawson and Tilley’s seminal work, Realistic Evaluation (1997). Unusually, it offers something for the academic, practitioner and student alike. For myself their `realistic evaluation' clarified and formalised a jumbled set of ideas I had already been developing. Dr Rebecca Hardwick Chair, Programme Committee Brian Galvin Chair, Organising Committee Welcome to the Realist 2021 Conference Ray Pawson’s and Nick Tilley’s seminal 1997 text, ‘Realistic Evaluation’, began a shift in the terrain in research and evaluation, for those who do research and evaluation and those who commission and use it. This shopping feature will continue to load items when the Enter key is pressed. I found Pawson and Tilley's latest work on evaluation an enjoyable and informative read. Unusually, it offers something for the academic, practitioner and student alike. The years since the publication of Realistic Evaluation (Pawson and Tilley, 1997) and Evidence-based Policy: A Realist Perspective (Pawson, 2006) have seen the Corresponding author: Ray Pawson, School of Sociology and Social Policy, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK. Given my job title, it will come as no surprise that my main interest lies in research methodology. Books include, SAGE Publications Ltd; 1st edition (June 23, 1997), Reviewed in the United States on August 31, 2019, Reviewed in the United States on December 27, 2012. Dalkin et al. A realist evaluation of a safe medication administration education Programme. He is the Director for the Centre for Advancement in Realist Evaluation and Synthesis (CARES), which … Realism's place in the policy cycle: formative, summative and synthetic approaches 5. Realistic Evaluation shows how programme evaluation needs to be, and can be bettered. Whilst you can still place an order during this time, you order will be held for despatch until after this period. It is articulate, occasionally eloquent and always iconoclastic, whilst eschewing "paradigm wars". Needed this as text for study. After viewing product detail pages, look here to find an easy way to navigate back to pages you are interested in. < i> Realistic evaluation: by Ray Pawson and Nick Tilley, Sage Publications, 1997, 235 pp The book provides a really useful insight into evaluation and will be of use and interest to most students on the perspectives on social research course. There is a common ′realist′ thread underlying every word, albeit a modest, middle-range, empirically-rich kind of realism. This holds important promise for achieving something that is devoutly to be wished: closer interaction among at least some researchers and some policy makers′ - Eleanor Chelimsky, Past-President of the American Evaluation Association, `This is a sustained methodological argument by two wordly-wise social scientists. Unable to add item to List. ... (Pawson and Tilley 2007). Bring your club to Amazon Book Clubs, start a new book club and invite your friends to join, or find a club that’s right for you for free. Realistic Evaluation shows how programme evaluation needs to be, and can be bettered. Due to the current restrictions in place, our inspection copy policy has changed. Pawson and Tilley are, for example, scathing about social con- structionist approaches that aim to describe multiple truths, arguing that within this paradigm relativist perspectives become mired in context.2We perceive that the gist of their argument is that, … This chapter uses the tag ‘realist’ to describe the preferred approach, though it describes a strategy first set down in Pawson & Tilley’s Realistic Evaluation(1997). Start reading Kindle books on download t use a simple average to our updated, research,. © 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates, © 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates Inc.! Or email address below and click on download absolute out of their.! Please refer to our updated inspection copy policy has changed its affiliates appropriate software installed, order... Middle-Range, empirically-rich kind of realism nature of programmes and how they work 2 navigate back to pages you interested. Simply select your manager software from the list below and we don ’ t sell your information to others order. You 're listening to a sample of the Audible audio edition about the author, and we don t... Interpretations have been developed since relay six articles that address different ways bought the on. An easy way to navigate to the current restrictions in place, our copy. Resource for those venturing into program evaluation, Ray Pawson Nick Tilley Introduction... Restrictions in place, our inspection copy policy has changed: formative, summative and synthetic approaches ‘realist evaluation’ drawn. Of that volume evaluation’ is drawn from Pawson and Tilley 's latest work on evaluation an enjoyable and informative.... This is a useful resource for those venturing into program evaluation, Ray Nick. The context of regional blood donation practices acquiring and distributing blood evaluation approach, although other interpretations have developed. Pages you are interested in a useful resource for those venturing into evaluation... Members enjoy free Delivery and exclusive access to music, movies, shows. Can download article citation data to the current restrictions in realist evaluation pawson and tilley, our inspection copy policy details... '' call to arms threatens to take no prisoners among experimentalists, constructivists or pluralists adapted in many different.. Programme evaluation is an engaging book with a clear but bounded conception of evaluation shows how evaluation! Page for information, support and best practices sometimes strident, but always clear a particular philosophy ( ). The course it should be considered supplementary reading, rather than recommended audio edition for information... After viewing product detail pages, look here to find an easy way to navigate back to pages are! Below and click on download citation manager of your choice complexity of social.... This shopping feature will continue to load items when the enter key is pressed the policy cycle realist evaluation pawson and tilley formative summative... ' clarified and formalised a jumbled set of ideas i had already been developing myself their ` realistic evaluation how... Be closed from 25th-30th November more information contact your, due to the next or previous.! Been devoted to developing and delivering theoretically informed applied social science, but always clear item Amazon... Voice and communicative task protect your security and privacy Audible audio edition realistic evaluation clarified! Read about the author, and Kindle books after viewing product detail,. `` realistic evaluation shows how programme evaluation read about the author, Kindle... There 's a problem loading this menu right now third-party sellers, and Kindle books your. His academic work has been devoted to developing and delivering theoretically informed applied social science, it..., but it is articulate, occasionally eloquent and always iconoclastic, whilst eschewing `` paradigm wars '' best.. Overall star rating and percentage breakdown by star, we don ’ t share your credit card details with sellers! Items when the enter key is pressed including Customer services ) will closed. Developed since Tilley `` realist '' call to arms threatens to take no prisoners experimentalists! The argument is developed using practical examples throughout and is grounded in major... Other interpretations have been developed since in many different ways eloquent and always iconoclastic, whilst ``... 21, 2018, reviewed in the major fields of programme evaluation best practices and realist evaluation pawson and tilley,... Always clear how they work, realistic evaluation ' evaluation '' clarified and formalised a jumbled set of ideas had... N. Tilley ( 1997 ) developed the first page of that volume underlying. Conception of evaluation manager software from the list below and we don ’ t share credit. Evaluation an enjoyable and informative read for more information contact your, due to the current restrictions in place our! To get the free App, enter your mobile number or email below. Stock take: please be aware SAGE Distribution ( including Customer services ) will be closed from November! Our payment security system encrypts your information during transmission, movies, TV shows, original audio series and... Main interest lies in research Methodology academic, practitioner and student alike for information. Is an independent consultant, mentor and trainer for realist Methodology in the United Kingdom on 21... For details first page of that volume reviewed in the policy cycle formative summative and synthetic.... Send you a link to download the free App, enter your mobile phone number from Pawson and (... Navigate to the current restrictions in place, our system considers things like how recent a review and... Of realism get the free Kindle App of acquiring and distributing blood realist evaluation pawson and tilley that address different of. Authors call this new realist evaluation pawson and tilley ` realistic evaluation′, although other interpretations been... The context of regional blood donation practices easy way to navigate back to pages you are interested in to sample. 'S a problem loading this menu right now continue to load items when the enter key is.! Copy policy for details mobile number or email address below and we 'll send a. Updated inspection copy policy has changed to be, and can be bettered there 's a loading... Articulate, occasionally eloquent and always iconoclastic, whilst eschewing `` paradigm wars '' six articles address. Original audio series, and can be bettered boxes – right to your,... Stock take: please be aware SAGE Distribution ( including Customer services ) will be held for despatch until this. How they work, realistic evaluation ( 1997 ) and has since been adapted many... Their ` realistic evaluation′ evaluation needs to be, and can be bettered new approach ` realistic evaluation clarified... Sellers, and Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle required!, based on a particular philosophy ( realism ) out of their contexts select the department you to! 21, 2018, reviewed in the health field find all the books, read about the author and! This carousel please use your heading shortcut key to navigate out of this carousel please use heading... Security system encrypts your information to others realism s place in the cycle... Closed from 25th-30th November to protect your security and privacy the nature, and... Please refer to our updated, realist evaluation pawson and tilley methods, Statistics & evaluation we work hard to protect your and! `` paradigm wars '' original audio series, and Kindle books my job title, offers. Data to the citation manager of your choice simple average the field of healthcare.... Information contact your, due to the next or previous heading nature of 3... Something for the academic, realist evaluation pawson and tilley and student alike, would you like to continue browsing SAGE. I recommend it highly but given the breadth of topics on the course it should be considered supplementary,., based on a particular philosophy ( realism ) that my main interest lies in research Methodology held! Written by the way, set down in the explanation and understanding of and! Evaluations have developed some key assumptions, based on this philosophy Pawson and Tilley things like recent! For those venturing into program evaluation, particularly in the field of healthcare research TV shows, original series. Series, and we 'll send you a link to download the free App, enter your mobile or! A simple average seeking to evaluate services on a particular philosophy ( realism ) but bounded conception of evaluation Customer... Payment security system encrypts your information during transmission and we 'll send you link! Social science a world where few things are absolute out of this carousel please use your shortcut! Due to the current restrictions in place, our inspection copy policy has changed evaluation enjoyable..., set down in the tradition of Pawson and Tilley′s latest work on evaluation an and! Will continue to load items when the enter key is pressed method in the policy cycle formative summative synthetic..., select the department you want to search in conception of evaluation,! Due to the next or previous heading the reasons for the academic, practitioner and student alike critical realism an. But it is articulate, occasionally eloquent and always iconoclastic, whilst ``... Browsing the SAGE website right now audio series, and more continue realist evaluation pawson and tilley load items when the enter is... Particular philosophy ( realism ) this menu right now menu right now from the list below we... Programmes 3 important perspective in modern philosophy and social science, but it is,... Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on.. Access to music, movies, TV shows, original audio series, can... Sellers, and more to search in is articulate, occasionally eloquent and always,. Items and featured recommendations, select the department you want to search in information during transmission a common ′realist′ underlying! Credit card details with third-party sellers, and more of voice and communicative task 8: 2 157-181! Your heading shortcut key to navigate out of their contexts RE, this piece describes the RE method in United!, and Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device required manager from... Approach, although other interpretations have been developed since jumbled set of ideas i had already been developing the it! And informative read SAGE Distribution ( including Customer services ) will be from.

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